Argentina

Argentina does not have a deportation law, so no one is deported, not even those who violate the visa regime or are in the country illegally.

About Country

    Continent

    America

    Capital

    Buenos Aires

    Population

    45,195,774

    World share 

    0.6 %

    Land area

    2,736,690 km²

    Official Languages

    - Spanish

    Unofficial Languages

    - English
    - French
    - German
    - Indigenous
    - Italian

    Currency

    ARS

    Economy rating

    86

    Economy GDP

    41,815 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    925 USD

Democracy Index

6.95

Flawed
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.17
9.17

Functioning of government

5.36
5.36

Political participation

6.67
6.67

Political culture

5.63
5.63

Civil liberties

7.94
7.94

    Crime Rate

    5.3

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    8.2 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

5.13

Middling

*

Average salary

0.59
0.59

Average expense

10
10

Average rent price

4.79
4.79

    Average salary

    412 USD

    Average expense

    194 USD

    Average rent price

    231 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    2,553 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Spanish (В1+), knowledge of the Argentine Constitution

    Passport rating

    19 Amount of countries: 170

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
32 USD
Studentfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
32 USD
Businessfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
32 USD
Employeefrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
32 USD
Rentierfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
32 USD
Birth of a childfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
32 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
32 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming your relationship.
Additional Information:
You can get a residence permit in Argentina if you are in a relationship with a citizen of this country.
Suitable for both formal marriage and simple cohabitation. The main thing is that you will need to prove the reality of your relationship

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
32 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Certificate of enrollment.
Additional Information:
If you receive any education in Argentina, you are entitled to a residence permit.
Both one-year courses and obtaining a full-fledged higher education are suitable. You will need to confirm your secondary education and pass certain school exams in Spanish.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
32 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- A certificate from the last place of work indicating the position and salary, or a certificate of registration of the company;
- Permission to conduct commercial or labor activity from the Argentine side (original in Spanish);
- Marriage certificate, or a copy of a blank passport page;
- The applicant's birth certificate.
Additional Information:
You can buy or open your own business in Argentina, then you will be issued a residence permit.
The minimum amount is 100,000 USD. The authorities of the country demand to invest a quarter of the amount immediately, and to pay the rest a year.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
32 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- A certificate from the last place of work indicating the position and salary, or a certificate of registration of the company;
- Permission to conduct commercial or labor activity from the Argentine side (original in Spanish);
- Marriage certificate, or a copy of a blank passport page;
- The applicant's birth certificate.
Additional Information:
Official employment in Argentina is the basis for obtaining a residence permit.
Your employer must be registered with the migration service of the country.

Rentier

Immigration feeImmigration Time
32 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the existence of their income abroad from 1 500-2 000 USD per month.
Additional Information:
You can get a residence permit under the Rentier program.
If your passive income abroad exceeds 1200 USD, then this program is suitable for you.
It should be understood that income from employment is not suitable.

Birth of a child

Immigration feeImmigration Time
32 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- The birth certificate of the child in the territory of the state.
Additional Information:
A child born on the territory of Argentina automatically receives the citizenship of the state.
And his parents can apply for a residence permit.

Taxes

In Argentina, there are two types of personal property tax: income tax and personal property tax.
Income tax is paid by those who earn money in the country or by citizens of Argentina who earn money abroad. Entrepreneurs must pay taxes every two months.

There are a number of fixed deductions, for example, special tax amounts and no discounts for dependents. According to local legislation, the employer is obliged to withhold this tax from employees.

There are several types of income that are not subject to income tax in Argentina. They include the sale of some shares. Those who live in Argentina are taxed on income, regardless of where they receive income and this applies to all those who have received permanent residence visas for a period of at least 12 months.

Income tax in Argentina is paid in the range from 9% to 35%, and each of them is applied to different income levels and its types. For example, the income received from the rental of property is taxed at a rate of 35%.

Personal benefits are not taxed. They can be benefits for spouses and dependent children, and services such as funeral expenses, life insurance and mortgage interest. The tax is applied to personal assets owned by those who live in Argentina or abroad, as well as shares of Argentine companies. The company withholds tax until the payment of dividends and enters into the necessary agreements with the local tax inspectorate. This rate is 0.5% of the value of the shares.

Any property that is valued above 305,000 pesos will be subject to a tax charge ranging from 0.5% to 1.25% depending on the total value of the property. Those who have assets in Argentina but live abroad pay interest at a higher rate of 1.25%.
There are other taxes that are payable by those who live in Argentina, such as VAT on goods, which is currently at 21%. There is no capital gains tax in the country, but there is a certain percentage of the sale, which is currently 1.5%.

Municipal taxes make up 80% of the value of the property. Currently, the tax for rural property is 1.2%, for semi-suburban real estate it is 1.35% and the tax on real estate in rural areas it is 1.5%.

Education

In Argentina, the education system consists of 4 main stages: preschool, primary, secondary and higher education. There are both public and private institutions.

Preschool education
Preschool education in Argentina is represented by nurseries and kindergartens.
The nursery is attended by children aged 45 days to 2 years inclusive.
And children can go to kindergartens from 3 to 6 years old, but the last year, preparatory for school, is required to attend by law.
Most kindergartens in Argentina work in two shifts: from morning to 12-13 p.m. and from 13-14 p.m. to evening.

Primary education
Primary school lasts from 6 to 7 years, children aged 6 to 13 years study there.
In Argentina, children are legally required to complete their studies in both primary and secondary schools, starting at the age of 6.
The second language is studied from the 2nd grade.

Secondary education
Secondary education is provided to children aged 13 to 18 years. Secondary education is divided into two levels. The first three years of study are called "Ciclo Básico", where all students study according to a single program. After completing this course, the student receives a general secondary education (EGB). From the fourth year, the course of technical training "Ciclo Orientado" (college level) begins. The duration of training takes 3-4 years, depending on the chosen profile and specialty.

Higher education
State universities include various disciplines and specialties, while institutes train specialists in only one limited discipline (medicine, art, aircraft engineering, business and management, and others).
From session to session, students take exams and only when they get the minimum required score can they proceed to further classes. In general, there are no restrictions for retaking exams in public universities in Argentina.
When entering a state university, applicants are not required to take entrance exams. Public universities and institutes offering a Bachelor's or Junior Specialist degree do not charge tuition fees.

Education in Argentina is free at all levels, with the exception of the main part of post-university education. The literacy rate in Argentina is 97%. Three out of every eight adults over the age of 20 have a secondary education or higher.

Healthcare

Argentina's health care system consists of a universal health care system and a private system. The government maintains a system of public health facilities that are accessible to everyone in the country, but formal sector workers are also required to participate in one of about 300 union-run health insurance programs that offer varying levels of coverage. There are also private medical institutions and health insurance in the country. The Ministry of Health (MSAL) oversees all three subsectors of the health system and is responsible for regulation, evaluation and collection of statistical data.

In January 2013, the Federal Register of Healthcare Institutions indicated that there are 5,012 medical institutions operating in Argentina, including hospitals, clinics and hospices. 9 Most institutions (70% or 3,494 institutions) belong to the private sector.

The social security sector is funded and managed by Obras Sociales (Insurance plans), umbrella organizations. There are more than 300 Obras Sociales organizations in Argentina, each of which is organized according to the beneficiary's occupation. These organizations vary greatly in quality and efficiency.

The private health sector in Argentina is characterized by great heterogeneity and consists of a large number of fragmented structures and small networks; it consists of more than 200 organizations and covers about 2 million Argentines.

The system of state medical institutions is supported by the state. The state system is highly decentralized, as it is managed at the provincial level; often primary health care will be regulated autonomously by each city. Since 2001, the number of Argentines relying on public services has increased. According to 2000 data, 37.4% of Argentines did not have health insurance, 48.8% were insured by Obras Sociales, 8.6% had private insurance plans and 3.8% were insured by both Obras Sociales and private insurance schemes. Currently, about half of the population uses the State system.

Climate

The climate of Argentina is as diverse as the country itself. Stretching for 3,700 kilometers from north to south, Argentina has a wide range of climatic conditions, spanning from the almost tropical climate of the north to the temperate climate of Buenos Aires and the Pampas, the cold and windy climate of Patagonia and the subpolar climate of Tierra del Fuego.

In the Andes of Argentina there is a cold mountain climate, in the northern and central parts - arid, in the south of the country - cold and snowy. Heavy precipitation falls in the north-east of the country, and snowfalls are frequent in the extreme south. Along the western coast of Argentina, the largest mountains of the Western Hemisphere stretch – the Andes, the highest point of which is Aconcagua. Its height is 6960 m . From October to April it is hot and humid here, precipitation often falls. The amount of precipitation depends on the region. The minimum values on the plains are up to 100 mm. Maximum – in the mountains – up to 5000 mm.

During the winter season according to the European calendar, Argentina has a hot summer. This time falls on December, January and February. In summer, the coastal waters of the Atlantic Ocean in the north and northeast of the country warm up to +25 C, and the average air temperature is about +30 C, often exceeding this mark.

In winter, and this is June, July and August, numerous ski resorts are open in Argentina. In the highlands, the air temperature usually remains around 0 C. At the foot of the mountains, the temperature reaches +10 C, and in the north of the country it stays at about +17 C. At this time in the south of the country, winter is real, with snowdrifts and strong frosts.

The vegetation of Argentina is very diverse: from tropical forests to semi-deserts in Patagonia and Pune. Subtropical forests with a diverse species composition grow in the northern Mesopotamia. And the fauna of Argentina, although not as rich and diverse as in other Latin American countries, has many endemic species.

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