Australia

The top 10 deadliest snakes in the world are found only in Australia.

About Country

    Continent

    Oceania

    Capital

    Canberra

    Population

    25,499,884

    World share 

    0.3 %

    Land area

    7,682,300 km²

    Official Languages

    - English

    Unofficial Languages

    - Arabic
    - Cantonese
    - Chinese
    - Greek
    - Italian
    - Vietnamese

    Currency

    AUD

    Economy rating

    12

    Economy GDP

    1,617,543 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    63,433 USD

Democracy Index

8.96

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

10
10

Functioning of government

8.57
8.57

Political participation

7.78
7.78

Political culture

8.75
8.75

Civil liberties

9.71
9.71

    Crime Rate

    0.9

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    7.1 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

3.19

Bad

*

Average salary

6.37
6.37

Average expense

2.27
2.27

Average rent price

0.92
0.92

    Average salary

    4,478 USD

    Average expense

    1,021 USD

    Average rent price

    1,210 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    13,384 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    IELTS, TOEFL

    Passport rating

    8 Amount of countries: 185

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Employeefrom 5 to 10 month (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
2702 USD
Professional employeefrom 12 to 15 month (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
2702 USD
Businessnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
1637 USD
Marriagefrom 12 to 29 month (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
860 USD
Family reunificationnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
860 USD
Studentfrom 1 to 10 weeks (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
414 USD
Refugeenot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
25 USD
Investmentsnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
1637 USD


Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
2702 USDfrom 5 to 10 month (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Invitation or contract with the employer;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Personal characteristic in form 80;
- Additional information about the Form 1221 application;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certificate from the Australian police if the candidate has lived there for more than a year in the last 10 years;
- Military ID;
- A signed statement of Australian values;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- 18-45 years old;
- the presence of your specialty in the list of professions in demand in Australia;
- knowledge of English (IELTS exam). Test result from 6 points;
- passing a medical examination;
- no criminal record;
- in some cases confirmation of funds.

Professional employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
2702 USDfrom 12 to 15 month (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Personal characteristic in form 80;
- Additional information about the Form 1221 application;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certificate from the Australian police if the candidate has lived there for more than a year in the last 10 years;
- Military ID;
- A signed statement of Australian values;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- 18-45 years old;
- the presence of your specialty in the list of professions in demand in Australia;
- knowledge of English (IELTS exam). Test result from 6 points;
- passing a medical examination;
- no criminal record;
- in some cases confirmation of funds.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1637 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Documents confirming the experience of business ownership;
- Confirmation of state/territory support;
- Business plan (including a description of how the business will help the Australian economy);
- Bank statement;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(4.5+), TOEFL;
- Personal characteristic in form 80;
- Additional information about the Form 1221 application;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certificate from the Australian police if the candidate has lived there for more than a year in the last 10 years;
- Military ID;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- Up to 55 years old, but there may be exceptions;
- More than 4 years of experience in business or enterprise management or investment;
- Capital management;
- Confirmation of funds, family assets from AU $ 400,000 and above.

Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
860 USDfrom 12 to 29 month (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Proof of relationship with a partner;
- Evidence of intention to marry;
- Documents on past relationships (certificates of marriage, divorce);
- Personal characteristic in form 80;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certificate from the Australian police if the candidate has lived there for more than a year in the last 10 years;
- Military ID;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- Your partner must have a permanent resident or Australian citizen status;
- Personal acquaintance with your fiance/bride (minimum 1 meeting);
- Competently executed package of documents confirming your relationship;
- Passing a medical examination. Absence of dangerous infectious diseases;
- No criminal record.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
860 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Evidence of kinship;
- Personal characteristic in form 80;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certificate from the Australian police if the candidate has lived there for more than a year in the last 10 years;
- Military ID;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- Just like for marriage, you need to see the owner of the residence at least once;
- A completed package of documents, where the harmful effect is placed on each other;
- A medical certificate will also have to be sought, with dangerous infectious sores they are not empty;
- Again, there should be no convictions.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
414 USDfrom 1 to 10 weeks (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Confirmation of enrollment in an educational institution;
- Bank statement, to confirm the availability of funds for living in Australia;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(5.5+), TOEFL;
- Medical insurance of a foreign student(Overseas Student Health Cover);
- Results of medical tests with the confirmation from Medical Commonwealth (Medical Officer of the Commonwealth);
- Signed "welfare agreement" (for minors);
- Documents confirming the existence of reasons to return to homeland (Proof of relationships with people, employment contract, availability of property, etc.)
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- Search for an educational institution and preparation of documents;
- Admission and receipt of an invitation from the university;
- Submission of documents for a student visa;
- Education at the university with the ability to work up to 20 hours a week;
- Choosing a specialty from the list of in-demand professions (SOL);
- Submission of documents for an immigrant visa.

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
25 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Description of the persecution in free form. Why are you being persecuted, how did it start. Try to describe briefly and clearly;
- Evidence of the persecution and violation of rights;
- Military ID;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- Fall under the definition of a refugee;
- Prove the fact of persecution or violation of rights in your own country;
- Be prepared to obey Australian laws and respect the Australian lifestyle.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1637 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of passport data pages;
- Information about the family and children and their data;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Documents confirming the experience of business ownership;
- Confirmation of state/territory support;
- Business plan (including a description of how the business will help the Australian economy);
- Bank statement;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(4.5+), TOEFL;
- Personal characteristic in form 80;
- Additional information about the Form 1221 application;
- Medical examination, including fluorography and HIV test;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certificate from the Australian police if the candidate has lived there for more than a year in the last 10 years;
- Military ID;
- 2 photographs 35x45 mm on a white background;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
- Up to 55 years old, but there may be exceptions;
- More than 4 years of experience in business or enterprise management or investment;
- Capital management;
- Invest more than 1,615,000 USD (securities, government and corporate bonds, authorized funds of private companies, real estate (excluding residential real estate), donations to charitable organizations (according to the approved list);
- Confirmation of funds, family assets from AU $ 400,000 and above.

Taxes

There’s a lot of different types of taxes in Australia, and all of them are equally important, but for now, let’s take a look at five of them.

1. Individual income tax. The IIT rate varies depending on the taxpayer category: Australian residents, foreign residents, children under 18 years of age, and Australian Working Holiday visa residents. Moreover, for each of the categories, the tax rate depends on the amount of income.

2. Corporate income tax. The standard corporate income tax rate is 30%, while the reduced rate is 27.5%. Companies that do not qualify for a reduced tax rate and have cumulative turnover in excess of the designated thresholds are taxed at a rate of 30%.

3. Withholding tax, which is levied at several rates: 10% for interest payments; 30% on taxable dividends and royalties. The above rates do not apply if the payment is made to a resident of a country with which Australia has an agreement to avoid double taxation and such agreement provides for lower rates.

4. VAT in Australia is called Goods & Sales Tax and is payable on the sale of most goods and services and its rate is 10%. An important role in reporting on VAT issues in Australia is played by the VAT registration procedure. There are voluntary mandatory registration procedures.

5. Land tax, which is based on the total value of the property. Moreover, a lot also depends on the state in which it is located since state laws differ. Land tax is a levy that landowners pay annually.

Education

From 6 to 12 years old, children study in Primary School, then four years in Junior Secondary and from 16 to 17 years in Senior Secondary, and after that, they receive a Higher School Certificate.

After school and before entering the university, students have the opportunity to get a specialty in college. Colleges are divided into public and private. State ones, united in the TAFE (Technical and Further Education) system, are considered the most prestigious. Training lasts on average 1-2 years, after which the student has a diploma and a practice specialty. As a rule, this is a profession in the field of accounting, management, industry, navigation, etc. Upon graduation, the student has a choice: go to work or continue their education, college graduates are enrolled in the university immediately for the second year (in some cases, for the third). Tuition at TAFE College costs an average of 10,000 USD per year, both for locals and foreigners.

Australian universities are traditionally ranked in the top 50 worldwide. Australia is an international country, here they are accustomed to emigrants, in particular, to foreign students. There are no special conditions for applicants from abroad - everyone enters on a common basis. Australian universities accept applicants twice a year: in February and September, the academic year begins at the end of February, it is divided into two semesters, each of which ends with an examination session. Higher education in Australia is paid, the cost ranges from 18,000-24,000 USD per year, depending on the chosen specialty.

Healthcare

State health insurance - Medicare - is available to citizens of the country, refugees, and immigrants with a permanent visa, which is funded by the Mandatory Medicare Levy Tax (exceptions are physiotherapy, manual therapy, and dentistry). Even if there is only one worker in the family, the insurance applies to all other family members. Low-income families, retirees, students, and unemployed are exempt from health care tax.

Private doctors are allowed to set premiums for their services, so their cost is higher than the official ones set by the state. Medicare will reimburse 85% of the official cost of treatment. The remaining 15% and the surcharge established by the clinic will have to be paid from your wallet.

Some private doctors work on a direct payment system (Bulk Billing) - they assist by the official rates, so you won’t pay extra. They register the patient's Medicare card number, and after medical care is provided, the doctor sends the bill to the Medicare office and receives payment.

Private Health Insurance Private companies offer insurance for any occasion and these services can also be obtained in public hospitals, but this will take several months to wait for your turn. The cost of the insurance policy depends on the insurance company.

The country's government is encouraging residents to ensure their health in private companies to reduce the burden on the state budget. Medicare holders who do not have private health insurance and whose annual income is exceeding the limit are subject to an additional 1% tax surcharge on their health care tax.

Climate

In January the average temperature in Australia is +19- 36°C.

In March it’s +23°C-28°C; in April ranges from +20°C to +30°C and in May is +20°C. The seawater temperature is about +18°C-30°C.

The temperature in the northern and eastern parts of Australia in June is +25°C-30°C, and in the east - about +17°C. In central Australia around +20°C, and up to +5°C at night. In the south, the temperature range is +8°C-15°C. The seawater temperature is like the previous months.

In July, in the south, the average winter temperature is +12°C. In the central part - +19°C. And the further north, the hotter it is.

The average temperature in August reaches +30°C. The seawater warms up to +10°C in the south, up to +18°C in the east and west, and about +25°C in the north.

In September in many states, the air barely warms up to +20°C. The seawater temperature remains the same.

In October the average temperature in Darwin is +33°C. In Alice Springs and Cairns - +30°C; in Tasmania is around +18°C and +23°C in Sydney. The seawater temperature near the coast warms up maximum in the south, up to +29°C, and minimum in the north - about +14°C.

In November, the air in the north of the country - +35°C. In the rest of Australia, the temperature will not rise above +23°C-27°C.

In December in the northern and central regions of Australia, the average temperature is +30°C. The water near the coast in these regions warms up to +28°C-30°C. In the west, thermometer readings reach +28°C during the day, and water - up to +22°C.

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