Brazil

Brazil occupies the first place in the world in terms of the number of species of primates and freshwater fish.

About Country

    Continent

    America

    Capital

    Brasilia

    Population

    212,559,417

    World share 

    2.7 %

    Land area

    8,358,140 km²

    Official Languages

    - Portuguese

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    BRL

    Economy rating

    13

    Economy GDP

    1,491,772 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    7,018 USD

Democracy Index

6.92

Flawed
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.58
9.58

Functioning of government

5.36
5.36

Political participation

6.11
6.11

Political culture

5.63
5.63

Civil liberties

7.94
7.94

    Crime Rate

    27.4

    Normal

    Unemployment

    13.9 %

    High unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

3.26

Bad

*

Average salary

0.93
0.93

Average expense

4.38
4.38

Average rent price

4.46
4.46

    Average salary

    654 USD

    Average expense

    443 USD

    Average rent price

    249 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    4,152 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Portuguese Proficiency Test and Social Integration Test

    Passport rating

    19 Amount of countries: 170

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
20 USD
Employeefrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
100 USD
Studentfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
15 USD
Investmentsfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
20 USD
Birth of a childfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)
20 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
20 USDfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the marriage.
Additional Information:
If your spouse is a Brazilian citizen, then you have the right to obtain a residence permit.
But there are 2 conditions:
- It is necessary to get married on the territory of Brazil
- You need to live in the country for more than a year.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- An invitation from the employer.
Additional Information:
You can immigrate to Brazil if you can find a job here.
But it is quite problematic to do this, because the process is long and complicated.
The employer will have to prove that there are no suitable candidates from the local population.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
15 USDfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Certificate of enrollment.
Additional Information:
Upon admission to an educational institution in Brazil, you receive a residence permit.
The visa is issued for the entire period of study.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
20 USDfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the investment.
Additional Information:
In Brazil, you can get a residence permit through investments that are useful for the country.
It is necessary to invest in the Brazilian economy from 150,000 reais (29,044 USD).
You can invest in an existing or new business project, or create your own company in the country.
The main thing is that your project ensures the development of a particular industry, creates new jobs, etc.

Birth of a child

Immigration feeImmigration Time
20 USDfrom 14 to 40 days (paperwork)
4 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
Documents for the visa that you will use to enter Brazil.
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents.
Additional Information:
A child born in Brazil automatically receives the citizenship of the state.
In this case, the parent can apply for a residence permit. Registration takes a couple of months.

Taxes

The tax system in Brazil has a complex structure and consists of three main levels. The first is federal fees, which are set for all residents of the country. The second level is represented by municipal taxes, the amount of which is individual for each of the regions of the state.
The third level can be considered taxes and fees established by the authorities of local states, as well as other administrative units. The total number of fees that individuals and legal entities are required to pay is about 18.

Among the most common are taxes on the following:
- Social insurance of citizens — 8%.
- Maintenance of federal services, social programs.
- Social security.
- Profit — about 15%.
- Financial transactions.

Brazil's indirect taxation system includes three key indirect taxes:
- VAT on sales and certain services (ICMS)
- Excise Tax (IPI)
- Service Tax (ISS).
These taxes are state, federal and municipal.

VAT on sales and certain services (ICMS)
VAT is a state tax on the turnover of goods, electricity, provision of interstate and intermunicipal transport services and communications. The tax is levied only on the increase in the price of the product at each stage of the circulation process.
VAT is paid monthly, however, when importing, the tax is payable at customs clearance.
Domestic rates vary depending on each state of Brazil and range from 17% to 20%.

Excise Tax (IPI)
This federal excise tax is paid by manufacturers at the time of sale either to another manufacturer who will continue the production process, or to a retailer who sells to the end user.
The rates are determined by the tariff code of the product (usually from 5% to 30%, but in some cases up to more than 300%).

Municipal Services Tax (ISS)
ISS is a municipal tax levied on the provision of services.
ISU is accrued on a cumulative basis (not counted), and rates can vary from 2% to 5% depending on the type of service (rates are set on a municipal basis).

Import tax
Import duty (II) is a federal tax levied on the permanent importation of goods into Brazil, also called import tax or customs duty. Rates vary depending on the tariff code of the product, usually ranging from 10% to 20%.

Property tax
The Municipal Property Tax (IPTU) is levied annually based on the fair market value of property in urban areas at rates that usually vary depending on the municipality and the location of the property.

Education

The education system in Brazil consists of 4 stages: preschool education, primary education, secondary and higher education.

Preschool education
Preschool facilities are available for children up to three years old.
Brazilian preschools are divided into two subcategories: Maternal or Jardim.
Maternity is usually funded by the state and accepts children between the ages of two and five.
Jardim, on the other hand, are sometimes private and accept students between the ages of three and six.
However, the main difference between the types of schools is their role in education. While maternal acts more like kindergartens, jardim adheres to an academic approach and is seen as a preparation for elementary school.

Elementary school
All public schools in Brazil are free.
Primary school is compulsory for children from 6 to 15 years old.
Students, as a rule, attend all classes with the same teacher. Subjects include Portuguese, History, Geography, Mathematics, natural sciences and physical education. Students of the upper grades of elementary school may also have an additional teacher for classes in foreign languages, the most common of which are English and Spanish.

Secondary school
The secondary school, or Ensino Médio, in Brazil consists of students aged 15-18 years. At this stage, philosophy and sociology are being added to the curriculum in addition to the existing core subjects. Secondary school students are preparing for admission to a state university.
Secondary school is not compulsory, and it is not uncommon for children to stop studying after the age of 14.

Higher education
The university system consists of public, Catholic and private institutions. The structure includes universities, faculties (colleges) and individual institutions.
Universities offer short-term study courses in many different subjects. There are 127 universities in Brazil, 68 of which are public. Professions in higher education are grouped into blocks (criteria used by CAPES) as follows: Biological and Medical Sciences (Ciências Biológicas e Saúde), exact sciences (Ciências Exatas da Terra), humanities and social sciences (Ciências Humanas e Sociais), applied social sciences (Ciências Sociais Aplicadas) and engineering and technological sciences (Engenharias e Tecnologias).
To enter the university, students must pass competitive entrance exams, which are held in December and January and require knowledge of Portuguese.

Healthcare

The Brazilian health care system is a large multifunctional public system. The Government manages the SUS system (Sistema Unico de Saude), which serves the majority of the population, and also manages health insurance funds.

The health system, SUS, was adopted in 1988 in accordance with the Brazilian Constitution, in order for the entire Brazilian population to have access to public health services. Previously, the medical care of the National Institute of Medical Care and Social Security (INAMPS) was available only to the well-off segments of the population. All the others were treated as "have-nots" and received assistance only as charity.

The Unified Healthcare System includes medical centers and clinics, hospitals - including universities, laboratories, hemocenters (blood banks), as well as foundations and research institutes such as FIOCRUZ - the Osvaldo Cruz Foundation and the Institute of Natural Population Movement of Brazil.

The public and private health sectors in Brazil are completely independent of each other.
Public hospitals in Brazil offer free high-quality care at the time of delivery, but struggle with overcrowding and long waits.
Conditions in public hospitals are worse than in private ones, for example, the lack of air conditioning or the absence of certain medical equipment. Although foreigners can get free help in these institutions, most prefer private services for which they have to pay.

Private health insurance is voluntary and complements SUS. Approximately 23% of Brazilians have private health care plans that provide them with access to health care in private institutions. Most beneficiaries receive private health insurance through their employers as a benefit. Individuals and legal entities can deduct healthcare costs from their taxable expenses.

The greatest concentration of doctors and hospitals is in urban areas. This creates problems for rural and low-income areas in Brazil, in addition to other public health inequalities.

Climate

Brazil is a sovereign state in South America. The area is 8,515,767 km2 (equivalent to 47.3% of the South American territory). Being the fifth largest country in the world by area and the seventh largest by population (with more than 209 million inhabitants), Brazil is the largest country in South America and all of Latin America both by territory and population. The only Portuguese-speaking country in the whole of America, as well as the largest lusophone country on the planet.
The capital is Brasilia.

Brazil is one of the countries where it is always hot, regardless of what the calendar shows. It is worth remembering that the seasons are arranged differently here, which means that summer reigns from November to March. The territory of the country captures three climatic zones at once: equatorial, tropical and subtropical.
- Equatorial. This is the northeast of the country, the territory that includes the Amazon River basin. It has the driest and hottest climate, especially pronounced in the second half of summer and autumn, when the average temperature reaches +34C, and rains can fall only three days a month.
- Tropical. 90% of Brazil's territory is located in this climatic zone. Weather features are pronounced geographically. In spring and summer, up to +30C plus – increased humidity.
- Subtropical. Predominates in the south of Brazil. The greatest heat comes in winter – in January-February, when the thermometer columns show up to +29C.

Summer in Brazil is rainy: in January, February and March it often rains, the air temperature during the day does not fall below +26 degrees, and the water warms up to +22-24C. Brazilians themselves consider these months to be the hottest, and it is quite difficult for many tourists to be in the country of the scorching sun.

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