Canada

Canada is in the top 5 most educated countries in the world as of 2018. More than 50% of its inhabitants have higher education.

About Country

    Continent

    America

    Capital

    Ottawa

    Population

    37,742,154

    World share 

    0.5 %

    Land area

    9,093,510 km²

    Official Languages

    - English
    - French

    Unofficial Languages

    - Arabic
    - Cantonese
    - German
    - Italian
    - Punjabi
    - Spanish
    - Tagalog

    Currency

    CAD

    Economy rating

    9

    Economy GDP

    1,883,487 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    49,904 USD

Democracy Index

9.24

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.58
9.58

Functioning of government

8.93
8.93

Political participation

8.89
8.89

Political culture

9.38
9.38

Civil liberties

9.41
9.41

    Crime Rate

    1.8

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    6.9 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.92

Bad

*

Average salary

5.16
5.16

Average expense

2.55
2.55

Average rent price

1.04
1.04

    Average salary

    3,628 USD

    Average expense

    911 USD

    Average rent price

    1,067 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    11,863 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    English or Franch (IELTS, TOEFL)

    Passport rating

    8 Amount of countries: 185

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Professional employeefrom 4 to 6 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
1325 USD
Businessnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
2075 USD
Marriagefrom 1 to 12 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
1325 USD
Studentfrom 1 to 16 weeks (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
150 USD
Refugeenot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
0 USD
Investmentsnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
500 USD
Special casesnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
0 USD
Express Entryfrom 4 to 6 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
1325 USD
Work of a nanny/nursefrom 4 to 6 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
1050 USD
Atlantic programfrom 12 to 18 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
1325 USD
Rural/Northern programmfrom 12 to 18 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
1325 USD
BC Tech Pilot for ITfrom 1 to 4 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
700 USD
Experience Exchangefrom 1 to 4 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
180 USD
Provincial Programsnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
0 USD


Professional employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1325 USDfrom 4 to 6 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Travel to Canada as a qualified professional. You will need to provide a verified, certified and certified-translated work experience, a verified, certified and certified-translated diploma in the specialty, pass a medical examination, pass an English language exam to the required level, provide information about a property, a certificate of non-conviction, and most importantly - Submit a job offer for a Canadian employer. Those specialists who are in demand for immigration to Canada have a particularly good chance of moving. You should familiarize yourself with the various immigration programs as the list of occupations may vary from province to province. If your profession is not on the list, but it belongs to NOC 0, A, or B, then you have every chance to go to Express Entry.
The fee is divided into two parts: Processing fee (825 USD) and right of permanent residence fee (500 USD)

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
2075 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Company registration documents;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Go to Canada under the Entrepreneur Program or Business Immigration. The essence of the program is to create jobs for Canadians. There are three basic requirements (which, however, may vary by province): have a net worth of $300,000 in personal and business assets, employ at least one Canadian to run a business in the field for at least three years.
The fee is divided into two parts: Processing fee (1 575 USD) and right of permanent residence fee (500 USD)
To register a company in Canada, you need to complete the following steps:
1. Analysis of the enterprise for compliance with general Canadian and provincial legislation.
2. Collection of necessary documents.
3. Legal analysis of documentation. The papers should not contain errors, inconsistencies, and inconsistencies.
4. Translation of documentation into English, legalization of translations.
5. Filling out the application form for business registration.
6. Submission of an application for registration and receipt of registration documents.

Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1325 USDfrom 1 to 12 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Confirmation of the status of official marriage;
- Medical examination;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Get married to a Canadian. Which is sounds simple, but is not. Getting married to immigrate will not be enough. The process stretches for many years, and the host (who lives in Canada) will be obliged to sponsor you for 2 years. Also, your marriage will most likely be tested for suitability, and that includes a bunch of questions to make sure the relationship is real. Canada also has the right to request information about correspondence, phone calls, photographs, and so on. Same-sex marriages are legal in Canada.
The fee is divided into two parts: Processing fee (825 USD) and right of permanent residence fee (500 USD)

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
150 USDfrom 1 to 16 weeks (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Certificate of secondary general education with a transcript of grades;
- Certificate in English IELTS / TOEFL or French DELF / DALF;
- SAT results;
- Motivation letter;
- Letters of recommendation;
- Participation in extracurricular activities;
- Confirmation of received awards or scholarships.
Additional Information:
Immigrate to Canada through study, which is the most popular way to leave and immigrate to Canada. Everything is very simple - you get an education at a Canadian state university, paying everything out of your pocket (from 16 to 40 thousand a year). after graduation, you get a work visa and through the subsequent work experience in the specialty that you graduated in Canada, you can get a residence permit, and after citizenship.
You can enter a bachelor's degree in Canada right after high school. Most universities enroll students twice a year: in September and January.
However, you should only apply to universities from the Designated learning institutions list. Otherwise, you will not be given a Study permit, and you will not be able to receive a Post-graduation work permit.

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Asylum application; Application Form
- Evidence of the persecution and violation of rights.
Additional Information:
There is a chance that upon arrival in Canada without visas and other things, you can apply for refugee status right at the border. It is advisable to have the appropriate forms with you. If they are not there, then you can fill everything in place, after which the immigration officer will conduct an interrogation. If you can convince the officer during the interview that certain serious circumstances forced you to flee your country, then you may be given a green light to immigrate to Canada.
Obtaining refugee status by a foreign citizen in another country is a rather complicated process for which you need to prepare. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that you familiarize yourself with all the requirements, conditions, opportunities, etc., which are established by Immigration and Refugee Canada. Also, it is worth consulting with a lawyer who has significant experience in such cases, preferably with a Canadian one.
Key points for applying:
1. Applying. To do this, you must contact the Immigration and Refugee Service of Canada, where the application is accepted, and several special questionnaires are issued. These questionnaires are filled out once and attached to the personal file of the applicant. Any subsequent change to the information on the application is regarded with suspicion by the Canadian government and may complicate the process, or in the worst case, be a reason for rejection. Therefore, it should be approached with all seriousness and it is recommended that you first consult with a specialist.
2. Interview. It is also an important step in the whole process. The interview is conducted by an immigration officer and asks various questions for an hour. Here you should also prepare in advance, because. the results of the interview are backed up to a personal file. If the interview is successful, the applicant is issued a document that gives the right to receive free medical care, financial support from the state or individuals/organizations, work permits, placement of children in schools, enrollment in Canadian language courses, etc.
3. Submission of a mutual fund. The PIF is a Personal Information Form that must be prepared and submitted to the Immigration Service within 28 days of the first interview. This document is a more detailed form of the original questionnaire. The PIF must list in sequence all the facts relating to persecution or other reason that led to the application for refugee status. Additionally, it is necessary to submit documents confirming the persecution or infringement of the applicant's rights.
4. Listening. After filing the PIF, a few months later, the applicant is invited to a hearing. The main purpose of this procedure is to identify the compliance of the submitted information with reality. The case is taken by a member of the Refugee Board, and an official from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship may also be present. The applicant can represent himself or use the services of an experienced lawyer. As a rule, a decision is made immediately after the hearing.
5. Obtaining the status of "Permanent Resident of Canada". This status is awarded to a refugee in case of a positive outcome of the hearing. Permanent resident status entitles you to medical care (except for cosmetic surgery, dental services, and eye treatment), official employment, free education in a public high school, a study of English / French.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
500 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Confirmation of financial solvency;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Confirmation of investments.
Additional Information:
invest in the country. You can simply buy a Canadian residency. But a minimum investment costs $200,000 ($800,000 for the province of Quebec).

Special cases

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Asylum application; Application Form
- Evidence of the persecution and violation of rights.
Additional Information:
Immigration for Human Rights Activists. This is a separate category of refugees, for whom the path to Canada will be opened in 2021. This category includes those people who fear persecution because of their fight for human rights, with a particular focus on journalists, women, and LGBT and berdash advocates. The new stream in Canada will be open to 250 human rights defenders a year, including their family members.

Express Entry

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1325 USDfrom 4 to 6 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport (max 12 points);
- Language test results (max 28 points): CELPIP, IELTS, TEF (English or French);
- Canadian diploma or proof of Canadian immigration standards, Educational credential assessment (ECA) if you are applying for the Federal Skilled Workers Program or want to earn credits for non-Canadian education, maximum 25 credits). Most often, a diploma is evaluated at World Education Services (WES);
- Provincial nomination (if you have one);
- A letter of invitation from an employer in Canada (optional, gives a max of 10 points);
- Proof of work experience/certification that the job is qualified (max 15 points);
- Confirmation of funds on the bank account (12,960 CAD - if the applicant is traveling alone, 16,135 CAD - if with a partner, 19,836 CAD - a family with one child, 24,083 CAD - a family with two children) plus an extract for the last 6 months.
Additional Information:
Score a passing score in Express Entry. Six years ago, in January 2015, one of the most advanced immigration systems called Express Entry was launched in Canada. Its goal is the faster selection of highly qualified immigrants. Express Entry is built on the Comprehensive Rating System (CRS), which ranks a candidate based on the information in their profile. Points in the Express Entry immigration system are calculated on the assumption: Skills and work experience. Education (including the new rules for getting an education in Canada). Proficiency in English and/or French. Language abilities and education of a spouse or close partner. Have a job offer with a positive labor market impact assessment (LMIA). The presence of a state provincial program for permanent residence.
The fee is divided into two parts: Processing fee (825 USD) and right of permanent residence fee (500 USD)
Important! The Express Entry profile is valid for 12 months. The results of the language test must be valid during this entire period. If not, you need to retake the language test and update the information in the Express Entry profile. If an applicant does not receive an ITA within a year, a new Express Entry profile must be created.

Work of a nanny/nurse

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1050 USDfrom 4 to 6 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Immigrate to Canada by working as a nanny or carer. You need to find an employer and work for him for 2 to 3 years. A big plus in the work of a nanny or a nurse will be the presence of a driver's license. In May 2019, the Trudeau government launched a new pilot immigration program for nannies and nurses, which will allow professionals to come to Canada with their families, as well as offer them the opportunity to move to the country for permanent residence.
Requirements for a candidate who wants to immigrate to Canada under the program for nannies and carers:
1. Applicant must have at least 1 year of Canadian equivalent college education.
2. A signed contract with a Canadian employer.
3. The candidate must have an education related to caring for children, the disabled, the elderly. Or take an internship in this profession.
4. The candidate must have at least 1 year of continuous work experience in this profession.
5. The candidate must demonstrate a good command of English and French and must provide an IELTS certificate.
6. Applicant must obtain a work permit before arrival in Canada.
Your accommodation maybe with the host family you will work with, or you may live separately from them. It all depends on the specific family and the conditions agreed upon.
The fee is divided into two parts: Processing fee (550 USD) and right of permanent residence fee (500 USD)

Atlantic program

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1325 USDfrom 12 to 18 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Pilot Atlantic program to Canada. The Atlantic Canada Pilot Program (AIPP) has simplified requirements for almost every indicator: language, education, work experience. The purpose of this program is to populate the Atlantic part of Canada and solve the problem of labor shortage in the four Atlantic provinces of Canada (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island). The hardest part of this program is finding an employer, but recently each of the provinces has published a list with all the information you need. As soon as the employer finds a candidate who fully meets the requirements of their vacancy, they can enter into an employment contract with him, because the AIPP program does not require a permit to attract foreign labor (Labor Market Impact Assessment, LMIA). And if the candidate agrees to the terms of the employment contract, the employer sends them to an authorized center, which helps to draw up a plan for moving and settling. Employers will also be involved in the process of integrating new immigrants and their families in a new place.
The fee is divided into two parts: Processing fee (825 USD) and right of permanent residence fee (500 USD)

Rural/Northern programm

Immigration feeImmigration Time
1325 USDfrom 12 to 18 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot. On January 25, the Government of Canada announced a new Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot program aimed at attracting skilled foreign workers to Canada's rural and northern communities. The program covers cities with a population of 50,000 or less or located at least 75 kilometers from the metropolis, where 100,000 people or more live. To be eligible to participate in the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program, you must:
1. Have current work experience or graduate from a public institution of higher education in one of these cities.
2. Have a current job offer.
3. Meet educational requirements.
4. Meet language proficiency requirements.
5. Obtain a recommendation from a designated community economic development organization.
6. Prove the availability of funds for the arrangement.
7. Show intention to live in this place.
8. Meet community requirements.

BC Tech Pilot for IT

Immigration feeImmigration Time
700 USDfrom 1 to 4 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
The BC Tech Pilot provides a fast track to Canadian permanent residents in the province of British Columbia. It was announced that the program had been extended until 2021. Applicants must have a job offer from British Columbia in one of the 29 eligible occupations of the pilot that lasts at least one year and has at least 120 days left before the offer expires. Nomination process for BC Tech Pilot:
1. If the candidate meets the requirements of one of the areas under which the Skills Immigration Registration System SIRS operates, he has the right to register in this system and receive a certain number of points from it.
2. Approximately once a week, the BC PNP holds a tech draw and invites the highest scoring candidates to apply for a provincial nomination.
3. Invited candidates have 30 days to submit a completed application and the required package of documents.
4. BC PNP will process the documents on a priority basis.
5. If the application is approved, the candidate receives a provincial nomination through which he can apply for Canadian residency.
6. Nominated candidates will receive a letter that will allow them to renew their work permit and continue working during the residence permit process.

Experience Exchange

Immigration feeImmigration Time
180 USDfrom 1 to 4 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
The International Experience Canada (IEC) program is open to young people who want to live and work in Canada temporarily. Young people aged 18 to 35 from one of the 36 eligible countries can now create a profile and, if they are eligible, be included in their country's pool of candidates for their chosen category or categories. After your temporary stay, you can turn the IEC into a path to permanent residence.

Provincial Programs

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDnot regulated (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Foreign passport;
- Qualification confirmation;
- Proof of work experience;
- Proof of English proficiency: IELTS(6+), TOEFL;
- Medical examination;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Certified-translated diploma in the specialty;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
Provincial Immigration Programs. This is an alternative to federal programs in exchange for the fact that you will live in this province. These provincial programs are divided into so-called "streams" and each stream has its rules.
List of provinces and their programs:
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Northwest Territories
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Saskatchewan
Yukon

Immigration process

After obtaining a residence permit through the described methods, it is necessary to stay in the country for more than 3 years to apply for citizenship, but it is worth remembering that you need to spend more than 185 days in Canada per year.

Taxes

In 2022, all citizens of Canada, regardless of their type of activity, who work and receive income in the territory of the country, must deduct tax payments to the state treasury. Foreign citizens who stay in Canada for more than 183 days per year and receive income here are also required to pay tax contributions monthly.

Taxation in Canada is characterized by various payments, which, in turn, are classified into such types as:
1. Direct.
2. Indirect.
3. Payroll taxes.
4. Payments for social protection of the population.

Most of the payments are income tax (32.3%). In second place are non-tax revenues. Their share is approximately 19.55% of the total. Only 8.5% is allocated to income taxes, and 11% to general taxes. Social contributions equal 6.6% of total tax contributions. Only 9.3% falls to the share of preferential taxes. The smallest percentage of the share goes to other territorial taxes and fees.

Income tax in Canada is called federal tax. Its size directly depending on the wages level. Societies, that is, legal entities, are also required to pay federal tax. But for them, there is a completely different scale of tax rates. The base rate is 30%. But if the company uses a loan, then the tax rate can range from 13 to 22%. Consumption tax is called VAT (In Canada, it is better known as GST - a tax on products and services). The tax rate ranges from 5 to 7%. The amount of tax directly depends on the territorial location.

In Canada, there is also a tax on the use of real property (1-2% of the total value of the estate). The tax is paid once a year. A similar tax must be paid by tenants of real estate. There is also a property acquisition tax. The tax rate is calculated individually. There is no tax on the sale of real estate in Canada. But this is only if, as a result of the sale, its owners did not receive additional profit. If in the past the house was purchased for a smaller amount than it was sold, then tax will be required on this difference.

In Canada, there are exceptions under which a citizen of this country may not pay taxes. This is usually how tax is paid on income, but if the sources of income are the following cases, then the taxpayer is excluded from payments:
1. Veterans' pensions.
2. Insurance claims for damages.
3. Income from the sale of own real estate.
4. State payments for children.
5. Scholarships.
6. Grants.

Also, if a resident of Canada receives less than $7,500 per year, then he is automatically exempt from paying taxes.

There are also simplified fee payment schemes. The simplified scheme implies benefits for payments. Benefits can only be used by:
1. Pensioners.
2. Low-income families.
3. Families are currently under the care of elderly parents.
4. Persons who previously used the services of paid medicine.
5. Disabled people.
6. Parents of children who are studying at a college or university (only those who independently pay for the education of their children).
7. Temporarily unemployed persons.

Education

Canada takes its education system very seriously. therefore, despite the fact that they are slightly different in each province, they are all united by high quality. In confirmation of this, Canadian students are constantly in the top 5 among English-speaking students in various subjects, including mathematics, literature and science. Due to this, it is rare to see private schools or universities in Canada.

In Canada, regular school, as in many other countries, lasts 12 years. The only exception is the province of Quebec, where studies last 11 years. Also, diplomas from Canadian schools are accepted by universities around the world. However, the training there is far from free. In a public institution, you will have to pay from 10,500 to 23,000 Canadian dollars. In private schools - from 23,000 to 60,000 Canadian dollars.

higher education is divided into: technical training (2-3 years); bachelor's degree (4 years); master's and doctoral studies. Tuition costs from 11,721 USD to 35,164 USD per year, MBA programs - up to 42,978 USD per year. It is worth laying a minimum of 7,814 USD/year for accommodation. Admission to the bachelor's degree is possible after the 11th grade of school (except, as always, Quebec). For successful admission, you need to have an average score above 3.0/4.0. Many universities require the evaluation of foreign educational documents with a preliminary apostille. It is also worth remembering that due to the differences between the provinces, the admission system is also different for everyone. It is also mandatory to take language tests. For English, this is an IELTS test, for French - DELF/DALF. And as always, Quebec acts as an exception here, where training is conducted exclusively in French. According to the visa requirements, a foreign student can only enroll in accredited educational institutions. In case of refusal of a visa, you can re-apply an unlimited number of times, but each time you have to pay a consular fee of 117 USD. It is also necessary to prove that you are not going to immigrate under the pretext of education. Then graduates have the right to obtain a special work permit - Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) for a period of 3 years.

Enrollment in Canadian universities takes place twice a year: in September and January. Some universities sometimes offer a third set. Acceptance of documents begins a year before the expected start of training, and official responses from educational institutions will begin to arrive a month after filling out the application. It is worth considering that admissions committees often consider applications as they are received and within a certain quota, and therefore early submission of documents significantly increases the chances of a candidate.

Healthcare

In Canada, there's a public service called Medicare and each province has its health insurance program. In general, they do not differ much, but there are certain features in payment.

Newly arrived immigrants need to get a health insurance card as soon as possible. It, like a driver's license, is a document proving your identity. The health insurance card is issued by the province where you live. To obtain a health insurance card, you must fill out an application form. It can be obtained at the clinic, hospital, pharmacy, or Immigrant Assistance Organization. You need to get an ID document (passport) and a Permanent Residence Confirmation (IMM 5292), or a Permanent Residence Card with you. However, for the first three months after entering Canada, you are not eligible for the national health insurance policy. That is why you are invited to buy insurance from any of the proposed insurance companies. Keep in mind that regular health insurance does not cover ambulance services, dentistry, prescriptions for medicines, and eyeglasses.

Refugees can receive free ambulance care and essential services during the first three months of the temporary federal health care program in Canada.

When Canadians need medical care, they go to a general practitioner or clinic and present their health insurance card. They don't pay for medical services provided, and they don't need to use various forms for services covered by an insurance policy. There are no limits in terms of money or additional payments on such services. If you have a chronic disease, it is your responsibility to report it to your family doctor for medical assistance.

Dentists work independently of the health care system, except when emergency dental surgery is required. Pharmacies are also independent of public organizations.

Provinces and territories offer free medical services to the part of the population that needs additional services - aged people, children, and the unemployed. These additional health care packages often include free medicines, dental care, eye care, disability accommodations, and more.

If you need an emergency ambulance, call 911.

Canada has a Population Immunization Schedule. For example, some vaccines are given to children at 2 months of age, some at 4 months of age, and so on. Get an updated Immunization Schedule from your pediatrician, as the Schedule may vary by Province. Information about vaccinations for school-aged children can be obtained from the Immunization Department of your City Council. Adult immunization in Canada is also important. If you want to get vaccinated, it is necessary to see your family doctor.

Maternity leave is the right of all mothers in Canada. Temporary disability benefit is acquired due to pregnancy, illness of one of the relatives, as well as appearance, who are injured at the workplace or for those who suffer from chronic diseases. The allowance is issued throughout treatment. After that, a pension or a large one-time payment is due.

Climate

Considering that Canada is the second largest country in the world, it is not surprising that you can find a climate for every taste in it. For example, the coldest part of the country, oddly enough, is northern. There are almost no plus marks there in summer, and in winter the average temperature is about -25-30 degrees. On the other side in the west it is quite hot. There, the average temperature in winter fluctuates around -4 degrees Celsius, and in summer it exceeds 20С.At the same time, within certain regions, a daily temperature difference often occurs: in the south of the country, the value drops to 25 degrees.

Climate in Canada at different times of the year:

Spring. Spring here is very similar to autumn. The temperature is almost the same, and the rains are like the middle of October. Although the first warming begins at this time, it is usually cool in the evenings, and summer in Canada comes quite late - in the twentieth of June. Flowers begin to bloom as early as March, and the first rain leaves appear late - they can only be seen in April or May. The warmest weather in spring tends to be in Vancouver and Victoria.

Summer. In Canada, despite the prejudice, quite a warm summer. The average summer temperature is close to 20 degrees. Without taking into account the northern parts of the country, of course, where negative temperatures are observed even in July. Summer here is characterized by minimum temperature ranges.

Autumn. Canada is a country with great natural beauties. More than half of its territory is covered by forests, so the views that can be seen in autumn are difficult to describe in words. In just an instant, a real country turns into a fairy tale adorned with golden trees, attracting people from all over the world. The temperature here is quite cool, and frequent precipitation is quite common. So everywhere except the west, where summer lasts long enough, snow falls as early as early November.

Winter. Of course, the further north, the colder. In some regions, the temperature can drop as much as 15 degrees below zero. In general, winter in most of Canada comes into its own at night, when cold winds blow and sub-zero temperatures last all day.

The annual amount of temperature fluctuates between 150 mm and up to 1250 mm at the northern tip. on the Atlantic and 2500 mm. on the islands of the Pacific. On the Atlantic coast, as a result of the interaction of continental and Atlantic air masses, the weather is unstable, storms are frequent in winter and heavy snowfalls, the warm period lasts in summer than in other eastern countries, but it is never particularly hot. There is a partial and sharp change in atmospheric pressure.

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