China

China owns all the pandas in the world.

About Country

    Continent

    Asia

    Capital

    Beijing

    Population

    1,439,323,776

    World share 

    18.5 %

    Land area

    9,388,211 km²

    Official Languages

    - Chinese

    Unofficial Languages

    - Gan
    - Hakka dialects
    - Minbei
    - Minnan
    - Minority languages
    - Putonghua
    - Wu
    - Xiang
    - Yue

    Currency

    CNY

    Economy rating

    2

    Economy GDP

    16,642,318 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    11,563 USD

Democracy Index

2.27

Authoritarian

*

Electoral process and pluralism

0
0

Functioning of government

4.29
4.29

Political participation

2.78
2.78

Political culture

3.13
3.13

Civil liberties

1.18
1.18

    Crime Rate

    0.5

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    5.3 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.28

Bad

*

Average salary

1.26
1.26

Average expense

3.38
3.38

Average rent price

2.19
2.19

    Average salary

    884 USD

    Average expense

    573 USD

    Average rent price

    507 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Hard

    Recommended Savings

    6,483 USD

    Double citizenship

    Forbidden

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Chinese language exam and integration test.

    Passport rating

    69 Amount of countries: 80

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
47 USD
Studentfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
47 USD
Family reunificationfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
47 USD
Businessfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
47 USD
Investmentsfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
47 USD
Employeefrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
47 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
47 USDfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- A document confirming the marriage.
Additional Information:
When you marry a Chinese citizen, you are immediately issued a residence permit with the possibility of obtaining citizenship in 5 years.
The marriage must be official.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
47 USDfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Certificate of enrollment.
Additional Information:
You can enroll in a higher educational institution, then you will be given a residence permit.
It is not difficult to enroll in a Chinese university, but in most cases, tuition is paid there. The cost of the course is from $ 3,000

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
47 USDfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Invitation letter from a resident/citizen of China;
- A document confirming the relationship.
Additional Information:
If you have a close relative in China who is a citizen of the country, then you can use the family reunification program.
The next of kin can move, they include: spouse, parents, children, grandparents, brothers/ sisters, grandchildren, parents of husband/ wife, spouse of the child.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
47 USDfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Copies of INN and OGRN;
- Invitation (copy) from a Chinese organization;
- License to conduct the activities of the inviting organization;
- An agreement on cooperation between organizations.
Additional Information:
One of the most popular ways to immigrate to China is to open a business.
The state issues a residence permit to businessmen who register a business in the territory of the People's Republic of China.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
47 USDfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- A document confirming the investment.
Additional Information:
You can invest in the Chinese economy and get a residence permit.
The minimum investment amount is $500,000.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
47 USDfrom 3 to 15 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Employment contract;
- Work permit.
Additional Information:
For immigration through employment, it is necessary to have a valid employment contract.
At the same time, doctors of sciences receive permanent residence from the moment of signing the contract.

Taxes

The main taxes in the People's Republic of China: taxation of individuals, income tax, withholding tax, VAT, social contributions, taxes on real estate, stamp duties, transaction tax.

Taxation of individuals
Chinese tax residents pay tax on their global income, while non–residents pay tax on income from sources in China. The income of residents, in general, is taxed on a progressive scale of tax:
- income up to 36,000 CNY is taxed at a rate of 3%;
- income of 144,000 CNY at the rate of 10%5;
- income of 300,000 CNY at a rate of 20%;
- income of 420 000 CNY at a rate of 25%;
- income of 660,000 CNY at a rate of 30%;
- income of 960,000 CNY at the rate of 35%;
- income over 960,000 CNY at a rate of 45%.

Income of non-residents in the form of labor remuneration, remuneration for services, royalties are taxed in respect of each of these types of income at the following rates:
- income up to 3,000 CNY is taxed at a rate of 3%;
- income of 12,000 CNY at a rate of 10%;
- income up to 25,000 CNY at a rate of 20%;
- income up to 35,000 CNY at a rate of 25%;
- income up to 55,000 CNY at a rate of 30%;
- income up to 80,000 CNY at a rate of 35%;
- income over 80,000 CNY at a rate of 45%.

Income from entrepreneurial activity is taxed on a progressive scale from 5% to 35%.
Other income categories (rental income, interest, dividends, capital gains, other income) are taxed at a flat tax rate of 20%.

Income tax
Chinese companies pay income tax on their global income, while foreign companies pay income from sources in China. The standard income tax rate is 25%.

Withholding income tax
When paying income from sources in China, including dividends, interest, royalties, withholding tax is withheld at the rate of 10%.

VAT
The standard VAT rate is 13%. For some goods and services, a rate of 9% and 6% is applied.

Social contributions
Social contributions are paid to the pension fund, medical fund, unemployment insurance, occupational injuries, etc., both by the employer and the employee. The amount of deductions and salary ceilings for their accrual vary from city to city.

Property taxes
Real estate tax is paid at a rate of 1.2% of the value of buildings used for commercial purposes. Local authorities can reduce this tax. Alternatively, it is possible to pay tax at the rate of 12% from rental income. The tax on the sale of land or real estate rights is paid at progressive rates from 30% to 60%.

Stamp duties, transaction tax
Stamp duties are paid in respect of certain documents at rates from 0.005% to 0.1%. In transactions with land and real estate rights, a special fee is paid at rates ranging from 3% to 5% in general.

Education

The education system in China consists of 4 stages: preschool, primary, secondary and higher education.
The academic year begins on September 1 and ends in early July.

Preschool education
Children from 3 to 6 years old go to kindergartens. Gardens can be both private and public.

Primary education
Primary school is attended from 6 to 12 years. The curriculum includes such subjects as moral education, Chinese language, politics, history, geography, physics, chemistry, biology, physical education, music, art, work skills, etc. Children who have graduated from primary school can enter secondary schools at their place of residence without admission exams.

General secondary education
Secondary education is divided into two stages: schools of the 1st stage and schools of the 2nd stage.
Secondary schools of the 1st stage provide incomplete secondary education. The term of study in them is three years. At this stage, the nine-year compulsory education ends, any subsequent education is no longer such.
Secondary schools of the 2nd stage provide full secondary education, after which graduates can continue their studies at universities after passing exams.

Secondary special education
An alternative to general education is secondary special education. The main purpose of this education is the technical training of specialists for future work, the study of theoretical foundations and the development of practical skills.
The system of secondary special education in China is divided into three levels: primary, secondary, and higher.
Entry-level vocational schools accept graduates of a comprehensive primary school from the age of 12. Primary school education takes three to four years.
Secondary vocational schools accept persons who have completed the stage of compulsory 9-year education. Education in schools of this level takes three to four years. Graduates of professional schools are ready to start professional activity in their specialty.
Professional educational institutions of the highest level accept persons with a full secondary education (after graduation from the second stage of school). The goal is to train comprehensively developed qualified specialists in their field. Training programs take two to three years. Graduates have the right to start a professional career or enroll in general universities to obtain a bachelor's degree.

Higher education
Universities in China are divided into several hierarchical categories according to the degree of prestige. Depending on the number of points received at the final school exam, graduates can apply for admission to the entrance exams only to the university of the corresponding category or lower category.
Universities have a standard three-level training program: Bachelor's degree, duration of study: four to five years. Master's degree, duration of study: two to three years. Doctoral studies - the duration of study: two or three, less often four years.

Healthcare

The national medical system in China is a multi-level system that includes basic medical insurance (BMI) as the basis and medical care as a backup, as well as commercial medical insurance, charitable donations and mutual medical assistance as additional services.

The BMI (Basic Health Insurance) system serves two groups of people: employees and residents. Employees participate in the Employee Basic Health Insurance Program (EBMI), and non-working residents participate in the Residents Basic Health Insurance Program (RBMI).
Medical care provides all citizens with fair access to basic medical services, supporting a part of the low-income population.

There are two parallel medical systems in the country: one for modern or Western medicine, and the other for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Some Chinese consider TCM backward and inefficient, others consider it inexpensive, effective and culturally acceptable. China has also become a major market for multinational healthcare-related companies.

Public hospitals and polyclinics are available in cities. Their quality depends on the location: the best treatment can usually be found in public city hospitals, followed by small district clinics.
Many public hospitals in major cities have so-called VIP wards. They are equipped with modern medical technologies and qualified personnel. Most VIP wards also provide medical services to foreigners and have English-speaking doctors and nurses. In VIP wards, prices are usually higher than in other hospital facilities, but by Western standards they are still inexpensive.
Dental care, cosmetic surgery and other medical services in accordance with Western standards are widely available in urban areas, although their cost varies.

Despite the fact that public hospitals remain key in the field of medical care, the profile of providers of medical services is gradually becoming much more diverse and complex.
Private health insurance is gaining popularity: there is a growing demand from private enterprises and individuals with higher incomes.

Climate

China (People's Republic of China) is a country in East Asia. It ranks third in the world in terms of territory (9,598,962 km2), and in terms of population — 1 425 403 000 residents. The majority of the population is ethnic Chinese.

Equatorial, tropical, subtropical and temperate climates prevail in China.
The country's climate varies greatly depending on a number of variables, including altitude, latitude and distance from the coast.

Southern China has a tropical climate with high temperatures and heavy rainfall, especially in summer (May-September), while in the mountainous areas of Southwest China the temperature is more moderate. In Tibet, the climate is much more severe, with very cold winters and especially strong winds in high-altitude areas. There are fewer extreme climatic events in central and eastern China, but it is known that summers are especially humid here. Climate variability is higher in the north of China compared to the south.

Winter in China is not very warm. Here the temperature drops below 0 degrees. In December, in almost all regions of the country, the thermometer indicators are on average – 18C. In the west, the air temperature is about -27C.

The average daily air temperature in China in July ranges from +22C ... +30C. In the north, the weather is stable – rains are rare, the humidity is low. The air temperature in the capital already exceeds +30C.

In winter, northern winds blowing from high latitudes are cold and dry, and in summer, southern winds from coastal areas in lower latitudes are warm and humid.
Precipitation almost always falls during the warmer months, although its annual amount ranges from less than 20 millimeters in the north to more than 2000 millimeters in areas of southeast China.

There are more than 500 species of bamboo growing in China, which make up 3% of the country's forests.
The animal world of China is very diverse, in different parts of the country there are: the Amur tiger, the big panda (the only population of which is in China), the Japanese crane, the Burmese viper, the Chinese mantis and others.

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