Denmark

Denmark is the owner of the longest pedestrian street in the world (1800 m).

About Country

    Continent

    Europe

    Capital

    Copenagen

    Population

    5,792,202

    World share 

    0.1 %

    Land area

    42,430 km²

    Official Languages

    - Danish

    Unofficial Languages

    - Faroese
    - German
    - Greenlandic

    Currency

    DKK

    Economy rating

    89

    Economy GDP

    39,257 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    6,778 USD

Democracy Index

9.15

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

10
10

Functioning of government

8.93
8.93

Political participation

8.33
8.33

Political culture

9.38
9.38

Civil liberties

9.12
9.12

    Crime Rate

    1

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    5.7 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

3.44

Middling

*

Average salary

7.48
7.48

Average expense

1.77
1.77

Average rent price

1.08
1.08

    Average salary

    5,256 USD

    Average expense

    1,097 USD

    Average rent price

    1,026 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    12,735 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Danish Language Proficiency Exam (B2+) and exam in laws, history and culture.

    Passport rating

    5 Amount of countries: 188

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
35 USD
Studentfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)
35 USD
Employeefrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)
35 USD
Family reunificationfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)
35 USD
Businessfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)
35 USD
Refugeefrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)
0 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
35 USDfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the marriage.
Additional Information:
When you marry a citizen or even a resident of the country, you have the right to a residence permit.
Only an official marriage is possible.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
35 USDfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the enrollment.
Additional Information:
It is possible to immigrate to Denmark by studying at a Danish higher education institution.
But we must remember that education in Denmark is mostly only paid and knowledge of English and Danish is a prerequisite for studying at the university.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
35 USDfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- An invitation from the employer.
Additional Information:
When you get a job, you will be given a residence permit.
The main thing is to have an invitation from the employer at the time of applying for a visa.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
35 USDfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- An invitation from a relative;
- Documents confirming the relationship.
Additional Information:
This option of emigration is possible for close relatives of foreign citizens legally residing in Denmark.
Only the next of kin will be able to move.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
35 USDfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the investment of funds and the opening of a business.
Additional Information:
You can open your own business in the country and get a residence permit.
But you need to know a few important conditions:
- first of all, it is necessary to invest at least 50,000 euros in the development of the country's economy
- the company must be legal
- we need to provide jobs.

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 7 to 30 days (paperwork)
9 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Identity document;
- 2 color photos;
- Fill out an application with the police on arrival.
Additional Information:
You can get to Denmark as a refugee. To do this, you will need to prove the fact of harassment in your country on any basis: race, gender, nationality, religion, political views, social status. Military actions and natural disasters are also grounds for granting asylum.

Taxes

The main taxes in Denmark are: taxation of individuals, income tax, social contributions, VAT, withholding tax, property tax, stamp duty, inheritance and gift tax.

Taxation of individuals
Residents pay income tax on global income, while non–residents pay income from sources in Denmark. The income of individuals is taxed at the level of the country, municipalities, a tax to maintain employment.
The tax rates are:
Income tax at the country level:
- 12.11% - from income up to 544,800 DKK
- 15% - from income over 544 800 DKK.
The municipal tax rate is about 25%.
The tax rate for maintaining employment is 8%.

Income tax
The income tax rate is 22%. In some industries, different rates apply.

Social contributions
From an employee:
- Pension contribution - 150 EUR per year.
From the employer:
- Pension contribution - 300 EUR per year
- Maternity Fund - about 150 EUR per year
- Insurance against occupational injuries – about 670 EUR per year
- Other social contributions – about 700 EUR per year.

VAT
The VAT rate is 25%.

Withholding tax
The withholding tax rate on dividends is 22%, in some cases 15%.
In respect of royalties, the tax is withheld at the rate of 22%.

Property tax
Owners of non-residential property pay land tax at rates from 1.6% to 3.4%. Municipalities may also levy a tax on some non-residential properties at a rate of up to 1% of the value of the property minus the value of the land.

Stamp duty
The stamp duty rate is 0.6% plus 1,660 DKK. There is no stamp duty when transferring shares.

Inheritance and gift tax
The inheritance tax rate is 15% for the next of kin, and an additional tax is charged for inheritance by more distant relatives.
The surviving spouse is not taxed.
Gifts minus the non-taxable threshold are taxed at a rate of 15%.

Education

The education system in Denmark is considered one of the best in the world.
Education is divided into 4 levels: preschool, primary and secondary education, and higher education.

Preschool education
There are nurseries, kindergartens and integrated institutions (nursery gardens).
Children can be sent to a nursery from 6 months to 3 years. And they go to kindergartens from 3 to 6 years old. Accordingly, nursery schools accept children from 6 months and up to 6 years.

Secondary education
Secondary education is compulsory for Danish children and combines primary and secondary education. Parents should choose exactly where and how their child will study, there are several options:
- go to a state municipal school
- send to a private school
- teach remotely.
The training lasts 9 years (grades 1-9). Required subjects to study: Mathematics, Danish, English, history, music, natural sciences.

After graduating from the ninth grade and receiving certificates , children have three options:
- continue studying in the optional 10th grade
- go to the gymnasium and prepare for admission to the university (training lasts from 2 to 3 years)
- enroll in a professional college program (training lasts 2 years).

Higher education
Higher education institutions in Denmark include:
- Universities. They consist of three stages: bachelor's, master's and doctoral studies.
- University colleges. They give narrow-profile knowledge in a certain specialization.
- Business Academies
- Art institutes
- Maritime schools.
To enroll in a Danish university, you need to provide a certificate of secondary education, take a test, write an autobiography and pass a medical check.
Also, studying in Danish higher institutions costs quite a bit from 6,000 to 16,000 euros per year.
While studying, students can live in dormitories or apartments, the cost of living varies from 6,000 to 10,000 euros per year.
Students can earn no more than 15 hours a week.

Healthcare

The Danish health system operates at three political and administrative levels: state, regions and municipalities (national, regional and local levels).
The State performs general regulatory and supervisory functions in the field of health care and care for the elderly.

The basic principle of the Danish social security system is that all citizens have equal rights to social security.
Residents of the country are entitled to State-funded assistance, including mainly free primary, specialized, inpatient, psychiatric, preventive and long-term care.
People can purchase voluntary additional insurance to cover surcharges for outpatient medications, dental care and other services. Supplemental insurance, provided mainly by private employers, offers expanded access to private providers. Cost-sharing restrictions for adults and children create a safety net. Most medical services are funded by general taxes and are mostly provided free of charge.

All registered residents of Denmark are automatically included in the state-funded healthcare system, which is basically free at the time of use.

Danes can choose one of two options for state insurance. Almost all Danes (98%) choose Group 1 coverage, according to which general practitioners act as gatekeepers, and patients require referral to specialists, with the exception of several specialties.
The remaining 2 percent of Danes choose Group 2 insurance, which allows them to contact specialists without referral, although a surcharge is applied. In both insurance options, referral is required to access hospitals.

Denmark is one of the world leaders in the use of medical technologies. Almost all doctors have electronic medical records with full clinical functionality. Doctors use electronic medical records and electronic prescriptions to exchange clinical messages.

Climate

Denmark is a country in Northern Europe. The population is 5,822,763 people. The area is 43,094 km2. Today Denmark is the most populous country in Scandinavia.
Denmark is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries; it is located southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, bordering Germany by land from the south. Denmark is washed by the Baltic and North Seas.

Denmark has a temperate climate with cold winters and mild and warm summers. The climate is influenced by ocean currents, so it's not as cold as you might think. Clouds, humidity, rain and wind prevail here. The country is small and flat, so there are few climatic differences between the districts.

The average temperature is about 1/2C in January and 17/18C and July.

Snowfall occurs from November to the first half of April. There are 20/25 snow days a year. Even in winter, the earth can remain without snow for a long time.
Denmark is not a very sunny country, but there are more sunny days in the east than in the west.

Winter in Denmark is cold, with an average temperature of January and February just above zero. The days are very short (in December, the sun sets at 3 p.m.), and the temperature fluctuations between day and night are small. On the west coast and on small islands, winter is a little milder, but with strong winds. In addition, temperatures across the country are fairly uniform.
In winter, the sky is often overcast, the wind can be strong, and precipitation falls quite often, although usually not abundantly.
Anyway, this season weather conditions vary greatly depending on the situation. When westerly winds prevail, the temperature can remain several degrees above zero even at night.

Spring is initially cold, but in May it remains cool: the maximum temperature in Copenhagen averages about 12C in April and 16C in May. Spring is a relatively dry season.

In summer, temperatures are usually pleasant: the maximum temperature in July and August is about 22C. Night temperatures are quite cool, around 13/15C.
In summer, from time to time, the southern currents can bring hot days, which usually do not last more than two or three days. The temperature rarely reaches 30C, but the highest recorded temperatures are around 29/30C.

In autumn, the weather is cloudy and rainy, sometimes windy. In November, the number of sunny days is minimal, as in winter.

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