France

France is the birthplace of cognac and champagne, it competes with Italy for the title of oriental wine producer and ranks 3rd in the world in terms of vineyard area (after Spain and China).

About Country

    Continent

    Europe

    Capital

    Paris

    Population

    65,273,511

    World share 

    0.8 %

    Land area

    547,557 km²

    Official Languages

    - French

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    EUR

    Economy rating

    7

    Economy GDP

    2,938,271 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    45,015 USD

Democracy Index

7.99

Flawed
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.58
9.58

Functioning of government

7.5
7.5

Political participation

7.78
7.78

Political culture

6.88
6.88

Civil liberties

8.24
8.24

    Crime Rate

    1.2

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    7.3 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.91

Bad

*

Average salary

4.67
4.67

Average expense

2.6
2.6

Average rent price

1.47
1.47

    Average salary

    3,283 USD

    Average expense

    892 USD

    Average rent price

    755 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    9,879 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Franch B1+ (TCF-DAP, TCF-TP)

    Passport rating

    6 Amount of countries: 187

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 2 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
105 USD
Employeefrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
105 USD
Businessfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
105 USD
Work of a nanny/nursefrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork) 617 USD
Family reunificationfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
105 USD
Refugeefrom 2 to 5 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
0 USD
Studentfrom 1 to 8 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
225 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
105 USDfrom 2 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- two completed visa applications;
- Original and copy of foreign passport;
- Documents confirming your marital status;
- Documents confirming the French citizenship of your spouse;
- The fact of living together with your French spouse;
- 3 color photographs 35 X 45 mm;
- Medical insurance;
- Proof of payment of visa fee;
- Successfully pass the test of knowledge of the French language
Additional Information:
One of the most popular ways to move to France is to marry a citizen of the country.
Compared to other countries, different forms of marriage are allowed here:
- official
- civil
- and even cohabitation (you only need to provide convincing evidence)
After three years of marriage, you can count on obtaining citizenship, the main thing is to successfully pass the language test.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
105 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
Documents for a short-term permit:
- Completed visa application forms;
- Current passport;
- 2 photographs 35×45 mm;
- Certified DDTEFP contract with the employer + photocopy;
- Certificate from the current place of work;
- Confirmation of the required material base;
- Internal passport of the Russian Federation + photocopies of information sheets;
- Photocopies of certificates of marriage, divorce or death of a spouse.

Documents for a long-term permit:
- Current passport;
- Completed quesairetionns;
- 3 photographs 35×45 mm;
- Photocopy of work permit from OFII or DIRECCTE;
- Information about the financial situation;
- Internal passport of the Russian Federation + photocopies of all completed sheets;
- Green Card - European standard medical insurance
Additional Information:
It is quite difficult to immigrate to France through employment. The unemployment rate among the local population exceeds 8%. In order to obtain a work permit, you need confirmation from the employer that there was no suitable candidate from among the local residents to fill the existing vacancy. Only then work can be offered to specialists from other countries.
There is also an EU Blue Card. It is issued to foreigners in whose services the state is most interested. This card contains two documents: the right to work and a residence permit. It also becomes possible to move freely within the EU, obtain medical insurance, and transport a family under a more simplified program.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
105 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed visa application forms;
- Passport;
- Two color photographs;
- Certificate of employment;
- Hotel booking confirmation;
- Tickets;
- Availability of funds / financial guarantees;
- Copy of Russian passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Old foreign passports;
- A copy of the first page of the international passport with a photo and personal data;
- Copies of all issued visas for the last 3 years;
- Power of attorney to submit and receive documents (2 copies)
Additional Information:
France is not distinguished by loyalty to investors, therefore, in order to move to the country through opening a business, you need to open a company and create 50! jobs or invest 10 million euros.
The easiest way to do this is to issue a merchant card.
To receive this card, the entrepreneur must:
- have successful business experience;
- have a business plan;
- have no criminal record

There is also a Skills and Talents program. It is suitable only for those entrepreneurs who are not EU citizens. To participate in it, you must comply with all the same conditions + have a higher education.

Work of a nanny/nurse

Immigration feeImmigration Time
617 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)

List of documents:
- Completed visa application form;
- School Diploma;
- Passport;
- Contract Au Pair;
- Confirmation of registration for French courses (minimum 3 months);
- Police clearance certificate;
- Welcome letter
Additional Information:
Under this program, you can t immigrate to the country, but you can stay in it for up to 1 year.
There is an Au Pair program for people from 18 to 25 years. Boys and girls are invited to French families to do housework, childcare, cleaning and more.
For this they receive free accommodation, food and pocket money.
Basic Requirements:
- basic knowledge of the language
- secondary education and above
- driver's license

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
105 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed visa profile;
- Two photos;
- Foreign passport and copies of all pages;
- National passport with copies of all pages;
- Birth certificate with apostille and translation into French or English;
- Documents confirming family ties;
- Copy of the first page of the passport of the husband/wife or father/mother;
- A copy of the temporary or permanent residence permit (titre de séjour / récépissé) of the husband/wife or father/mother
Additional Information:
You can immigrate to France through family reunification.
For example, to relatives who live in the country:
- husband or wife
- child
- parents
The status of a residence permit, permanent residence or citizenship can only be obtained if your relative is a French citizen and upon confirmation of the following conditions:
- living together with a relative
- financial security and independence
- housing with a certain area

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 2 to 5 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application;
- Two photos;
- Copy of current residence permit;
- Original travel document
Additional Information:
You can also immigrate through obtaining refugee status, but you need to understand all the risks and be ready to prove persecution for any reason.
These can be political, gender, religious reasons.
You may apply for refugee status from the territory of your own country or already in France.
There is also the Dublin Protocol, according to which a refugee can be redirected to another country to receive protection.
You can receive:
- residence permit up to 10 years
- Opportunity to work and move the family
- move freely within the EU
- apply for citizenship

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
225 USDfrom 1 to 8 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form ;
- Completed form OFII (Office français de l'immigration et de l'intégration);
- 3 color photographs 35x45 mm;
- Passport;
- Civil passport;
- Receipt of payment of Campus France fee - 125 USD;
— Dossier identification number;
- A certificate of enrollment or preliminary enrollment in a French university, as well as a certificate of tuition fees;
- Last received document on education;
- Certificate of financial solvency at the rate of 647 USD per month;
- Proof of residence for the first 3 months in France
Additional Information:
Quite a popular way to immigrate to France is to get an education in this country. This method has a lot of advantages:
- you will have to pay only 170-550 euros per year for your studies, everything else comes from the country's budget
- you will have all the same benefits as a citizen of the country, and these are discounts on meals, benefits on medical care and travel
- study can be combined with work
- a diploma that is valued all over the world

Taxes

Tax payment rules are various in France. Their rates can increase or decrease in direct proportion to tax resident status. France citizens should have domicile there. If we are talking about legal entity, its address and enterprise's address should assign to a France.

In France You are obliged to pay:
• Profit levy;
• Ownership levy;
• Capital increase fee;
• Fortune fee, etc.

A profit levy is estimated from the average amount of the whole family’s earnings including dependents (e.g., children, invalids etc.). You can get a tax deduction for tax-free expenses.

Lessors are to pay rental income tax (l'impôt sur le revenu locatif). Rental income minus expenses is obliged by tax. Rates can vary up to 45%. Non-residents pay fixed rate of 20%.

Real estate’s owners pay a property tax (la taxe foncière) and accommodation tax every year. Quantity of taxes is various of many characteristics. If property is new building, owners can get an exemption from paying taxes for 2 years.

While selling an immovable property, you are obliged to pay a tax on capital increase (l’impôt sur les plus-values immobilières). For EU residence initial tax rate is 19%. After 5 years of owning a property rate decreases annually. Property becomes tax-free if purchased 22 years ago.

Each citizen of France undertakes to make deductions for the needs of the European Union. This is about 2.3% of the mandatory tax deductions.

The most important of them are:
• VAT (Corporate income tax - 25%. VAT - 20% basic rate)
• Petrol surcharges.
• "Alcohol" surcharges.
• Surcharges for matches and tobacco.

Education

Getting a secondary education in France is indispensable. Kids up to 6 years of age can go to kindergarten from 2.5 to 6 years old. Educators and psychologists help them to communicate and teach them writing and reading skills.

At 6 years old, a first grader goes to primary school. Presence at lessons is required. All pupils in France are entitled to accept a schooling for free in a government school.

A student goes straight to the 11th grade. Class numbering is reversed. In total, the training lasts 12 years. The graduating class has the same name.

At the age of 11, kids move on to middle school. High school training takes 4 grades. A middle school includes 3 levels:
• Preparatory. 6th grade. Teenagers adapt to the academic process.
• Basic. 5-4 class. New items and languages are being introduced.
• Career guidance. Grade 3. Children are determined with a profession. At the end of the year, children pass an exam and goes to the lyceum.

Education in the lyceum has several directions:
• Professional. The student studies for 2 years. They receive a professional diploma but cannot enter a university for higher education.
• Technological and general education require 3 years of training, after which the enrollee is qualified to enter the institute.

Higher education in France takes up to 8 years. At different stages you can get a bachelor's, master's or doctor’s degree. The most prestigious institutions are higher-education schools. To enter there, you need to complete additional two-year courses.

Healthcare

French Medicine has achieved fantastic results and is not characterized by high prices. Many Europeans and Americans come to France for health care and aesthetic operations, as medical maintenance here is lower compared with other highly developed countries.

France has government and proprietary hospitals. The authorities have licensed some proprietary clinics, so it is necessary for them to supply reimbursement for the provision of services.

First, you need to visit a general practitioner who will refer you to narrow specialists or prescribe appropriate treatment. A doctor's appointment in public clinics in France costs from 25 to 120 euros. The medical policy covers the 70% of the expenditure.

It is possible to get health examination twice a year without paying. The insurance document guarantees partially or fully compensation of pharmacy drug’s price. It depends on their need for the patient (from 15% to 100%). Applications for calling an ambulance are accepted by calling 112. If the case is serious, the health insurance provider pays the price of ambulance facilities.

The policies require every French citizen to have a reimbursement guarantee for therapeutic treatment. It is up to you, to purchase a government insurance or to buy a private one. In conformity with law, all non-residents of France who live in France for 3 months and plan to stay at least 183 days a year receive state insurance.

The doctor's facilities are paid by the insurance provider. Long-suffered with chronic diseases or low-income citizens are treated free of charge.

Climate

France enjoys a very comfortable weather. Heat air streams and sea breezes ensure soft winter chills and non-hot summertime. The mountain ranges around the country, protect it from northern winds. The territory of France has 4 different conditions:
The South - alpine and maritime conditions;
The West - Atlantic conditions;
Center and the East - continental conditions.

Winter lasts from December to February, the daily cold in winter is +5 degrees Celsius. The ambience on the coast is very humid, winter in these areas is rainy, the medium ambient temperature here is +10, +12 degrees Celsius. In the rest of France snow with rain falls. The most freezing month of the year is February, but it is in this month that the thaw comes.

In early March, with the onset of spring, warm weather sets in the center. In the middle of spring the snow cover comes off the mountains. May is characterized by high summer degree of warmth up to +25.

Summer starts from June and lasts until August, the normal heat is +23, +25 degrees Celsius. This season in France is not rainy. There are no temp drops, however, in the mountains at night it is quite cold.

In September, golden autumn begins in the country. There are no frosts, the condition is up to +20 degrees Celsius. There is almost no rainfall. In the middle of autumn, the weather can drop to +12 degrees Celsius, but the “Indian summer” still prevails over the cold. In November winter comes. It becomes cloudy, snow falls, frosts appear.

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