Germany

Average life expectancy in Germany is 80 years

About Country

    Continent

    Europe

    Capital

    Berlin

    Population

    83,783,942

    World share 

    1.1 %

    Land area

    348,560 km²

    Official Languages

    - German

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    EUR

    Economy rating

    4

    Economy GDP

    4,319,286 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    51,553 USD

Democracy Index

8.67

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.58
9.58

Functioning of government

8.21
8.21

Political participation

8.33
8.33

Political culture

8.13
8.13

Civil liberties

9.12
9.12

    Crime Rate

    0.9

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    5.4 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

3.22

Bad

*

Average salary

5.58
5.58

Average expense

2.74
2.74

Average rent price

1.33
1.33

    Average salary

    3,922 USD

    Average expense

    846 USD

    Average rent price

    833 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    10,078 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    DTZ — Deutsch-Test für Zuwanderer (А2-В1)

    Passport rating

    3 Amount of countries: 190

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Employeefrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
81 USD
Studentfrom 1 to 4 months (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
81 USD
Businessfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
81 USD
Family reunificationfrom 2 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
81 USD
Marriagefrom 2 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
81 USD


Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
81 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Two completed application forms;
- Two passport copies;
- Valid national passport;
- Proof of residence. Any document confirming residence in the country where you are applying for a visa;
- Health insurance. Compulsory certificate from German employer, valid from date of employment;
- An employment contract with details of gross annual salary and a detailed description of the employment in Germany;
- Approval by the Federal Employment Agency (If applicable);
- Curriculum Vitae. Your CV, which indicates your qualifications and your job experience;
- Proof of Qualification. Diplomas, Certificates or anything similar that proves your qualifications;
- Сovering letter explaining the exact purpose and duration of stay;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Proof of paid visa fee;
- Declaration of Accuracy of Information.
Additional Information:
Germany, like any country that cares about its economy, needs qualified personnel who are ready to work, share their experience and knowledge, as well as pay taxes to the treasury. Germany opens its doors for a huge number of professions, such as engineers, IT specialists, doctors and medical workers and many others. The process is generally standard, you need to find a company that is ready to hire you and get a Working (Employment) Visa.
You can apply for a visa if you meet the following criteria:
- If you already have a job offer in Germany.
- If you want to start your own business in Germany or work as a freelancer.
- If you want to look for a job while in Germany.
- If you are young and passionate and want to learn more about German culture and language.(Working as an Au Pair)
- If you are young and lucky enough to be born in a country that has signed a Working Holiday Visa Agreement with Germany.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
81 USDfrom 1 to 4 months (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Two completed application forms;
- Two passport copies;
- Valid national passport;
- 2 biometric portrait photographs;
- An invitation from a university;
- Confirmation of financial solvency;
- Proof of residence. Any document confirming residence in the country where you are applying for a visa;
- Health insurance. Compulsory certificate from German employer, valid from date of employment;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Proof of accommodation for the entire period of stay;
- Proof of paid visa fee;
Additional Information:
Studying in Germany is not only a high level of education, but also quite affordable prices, and because of this, Germany is quite a popular place. for study immigration. There are three types of student visas:
- Short-term visa from 3 months to a year, mainly for various language courses Language Course Visa (Visa for Language Learning);
- If you have problems with the letter of invitation from the university, or you are in a creative search, then there is a visa allowing entry for up to 9 months to search for an educational institution Student Applicant Visa (Visum Zur Studienbewerbung);
- Visa for studying in Germany Student Visa (Visum Zu Studienzwecken)

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
81 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Two completed application forms;< br> - Two copies of the passport;
- Valid national passport;
- Proof of residence. Any proof of residence in the country where you are applying for a visa;
- Medical insurance;
- Business plan, confirmation of investment in the amount of 250,000 euros;
- Curriculum Vitae. Your resume stating your qualifications and work experience;
- Certificate from the police about the absence of a criminal record;
- Proof of visa fee paid;
- Declaration of Accuracy of Information.
Additional Information:
Owning a business in Germany is not the easiest walk in your life, there is enough competition, so first make sure that your business is in demand in Germany and stock up on this very business, at least 250 thousand euros. If you have the determination business plan and 250 thousand euros of investments - forward to a residence permit / permanent residence and citizenship!

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
81 USDfrom 2 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Two completed application forms;
- Two passport copies;
- Valid national passport;
- Two biometric photo;
- Documents confirming your place of residence in Germany (Rent agreement);
- Documents to confirm family relationship (marriage certificate, birth charge, etc.);
- Medical Insurance;
- Confirmation of financial solvency;
- Invitation letter from you family;
- Proof of German language skills (A1 and above);
- Proof of paid visa fee.
Additional Information:
In Germany, there is a family reunification program that can be applied for by:
- minors child (over the age of 16, it is necessary to confirm knowledge of the German language at level A1 and above)
- parents of a minor child who is a German citizen
- in some cases, distant relatives of a German citizen, but if there is a good reason
If you fit the description above, then it's time to apply for a visa!

Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
81 USDfrom 2 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Two completed application forms;
- Two passport copies;
- Valid national passport;
- Two biometric photo;
- Documents confirming your place of residence in Germany (Rent agreement);
- Documents to confirm family relationship (marriage certificate, birth charge, etc.);
- Medical Insurance;
- Confirmation of financial solvency;
- Invitation letter from you family;
- Proof of German language skills (A1 and above);
- Proof of paid visa fee.
Additional Information:
Если ваш супруг или супруга оказались гражданином Германии, чисто случайно, то вы можете отправится к своей второй половинке на постоянное место жительства. Для начала необходимо получить визу для въезда, а затем полноценное ВНЖ, ну и паспорт после нескольких лет в Германии.

Taxes

45 types of tax coexist In Germany, including a church one, a hunting one, a second home or an apartment tax, and so on. We can distinguish 3 main categories of taxes:

• Income tax.

Income tax is quite high. German citizens, as well as foreigners with a residence permit, pay from 14% to 45% of their earnings every year. How to become a German resident? It is enough for you to live in the country 183 days a year and have a residence permit. The tax is not paid on earnings if it is lower than 9.744 euros per person or 18.816 euros per couple. Investment income is taxed at 25% + solidarity surcharge of 5.5%, regardless of which country they are from.

• Property tax.

The average German citizen will have to pay more than 20% of his salary to the treasury for property ownership. After the contract for the acquisition of real estate, the buyer must pay a one-time property transfer tax (Grunderwerbsteuer) from 3.5% to 6.5%. You do not need to pay tax, provided that the price of the property is not more than 2,500 euros.

• Value Added Tax.

VAT (Umsatzsteuer) in Germany applies to all purchases of goods and services. The basic VAT rate is 19%. The reduced rate is 7% for essential goods. However, not all services are subject to this tax. Services such as children's education, long-term rentals and foreign economic business are exempt from VAT. Germany is a European country with high taxes, but its citizens receive a high level of social assistance.

Education

From the age of 3 to 6, the child goes to kindergarten (Kindergarten) in Germany. There are preschool classes (Vorklassen) and school kindergartens (Schulkindergдrten) as a school system. Basically, all kindergartens are private. From the age of 6, the child goes to school. There are 50 thousand schools in Germany. The schools accommodate 12.5 million students. Children study at school for 12-13 years. 9 years of study are mandatory for everyone. For 4 years, children study in primary school (Grundschule), after that they are redistributed into 2 groups of secondary school, depending on their academic performance: general school (Hauptschule), and "a real School" (Realschule). People study at general school for 5 years, and then they can complete their studies or continue professional education. In a real school, children study for 6 years. Next, students will have to choose whether to graduate and start to work or continue studying in grades 11-12 at the gymnasium. The students of the graduating 13th grade of the gymnasium are applicants and are being trained to study at universities. There are 379 accredited universities in Germany, 240 are owned by the state. The most prestigious universities are the Heidelberg University named after Ruprecht and Karl, the Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich and the Technical University of Munich. Education at universities is free, but you are to pay a semester fee (Semesterbeitrag). It varies from 50 to 250 euros, including accommodation in a dormitory, fare and cafeteria's fee. Sometimes this price reaches up to 500 euros.

Healthcare

It is no secret that medicine in Germany is at a very high level. Many foreigners come to Germany for treatment every year.
All hospitals in Germany can be divided into:
* State clinics account for 54%.
* There are not so many private clinics, only 8%.
* Charity clinics located at churches 38%.

If you have insurance, there is nothing to worry about. Even the cheapest state insurance covers most of the treatment and does not affect the range of services. If you are hospitalized, you can pay very expensive, so check the cost. All citizens with an official salary have mandatory state insurance. It covers the costs of medical care. From 14.6% to 17.3% of the salary is put on medical insurance. The clinical examination process goes as follows: the patient goes to a general practitioner, who subsequently prescribes treatment or hospitalization. With State insurance, you can call a doctor at home and choose it yourself. Private insurance is issued by individual entrepreneurs and residents whose income is more than 4,300 euros. With private insurance, the list of services that you will receive for free can expand, and you will also get to a doctor's appointment faster. If you urgently need emergency help, call the doctor on duty at 116 117 or dial the emergency number 112. If you have a medical policy, the call and the services provided will not cost you anything. But if there is no insurance, then the cost can reach 400 euros.

Climate

Climatic conditions in Germany depend on the region of the country. The state is located in a temperate zone, so anomalies are very rare. Precipitation is comparatively high. The average air temperature is + 10 degrees Celsius. In the center of Germany, it is usually -2 degrees Celsius. In the East of Germany, winters are cold, summers are hot and there is little precipitation as well. In the North of the state, winters are warm and summers are cool. But it is this part of the country that is the sunniest relative to other regions. On the coast of the North Sea, there is a lot of precipitation in the form of rain, but in general the climate is not severe. The climate on the coast of the Baltic Sea is dry. Winters are warmer here compared to neighboring states, and in summer the air is very humid. January is the coldest month of the year. The average air temperature is -3 degrees Celsius. In summer, the average air temperature is +16, +20 degrees Celsius. A heat of +30 degrees Celsius is very rare. In autumn, the weather deteriorates dramatically, it becomes cold and the thermometers drop to 0 degrees. The same temperature is observed in spring. However, spring is characterized by a sharp cooling at night. A strong wind blows from the Alps and thunderstorms begin. The temperature in May is +18 degrees Celsius.

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