India

India controls 70% of the global spice market.

About Country

    Continent

    Asia

    Capital

    New Delhi

    Population

    1,380,004,385

    World share 

    17.7 %

    Land area

    2,973,190 km²

    Official Languages

    - English
    - Hindi

    Unofficial Languages

    - Assamese
    - Bengali
    - Gujarati
    - Kannada
    - Maithili
    - Malayalam
    - Marathi
    - Odia
    - Punjabi
    - Tamil
    - Urdu

    Currency

    INR

    Economy rating

    6

    Economy GDP

    3,049,704 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    2,210 USD

Democracy Index

6.61

Flawed
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

8.67
8.67

Functioning of government

7.14
7.14

Political participation

6.67
6.67

Political culture

5
5

Civil liberties

5.59
5.59

    Crime Rate

    3.1

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    7.9 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

4.9

Middling

*

Average salary

0.22
0.22

Average expense

7.25
7.25

Average rent price

7.23
7.23

    Average salary

    158 USD

    Average expense

    267 USD

    Average rent price

    153 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    2,525 USD

    Double citizenship

    Forbidden

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Hindi and English proficiency exam.

    Passport rating

    87 Amount of countries: 60

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
100 USD
Studentfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
100 USD
Employeefrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
100 USD
Businessfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
100 USD
Family reunificationfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
100 USD
Investmentsfrom 14 to 60 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
100 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the marriage.
Additional Information:
When you marry a citizen of the country, you have the right to a residence permit.
Only an official marriage is possible.
After 5 years of living together, you can apply for citizenship.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Certificate of enrollment.
Additional Information:
Foreign students studying at universities in India automatically receive a residence permit.
To obtain citizenship, you will have to live in the country for 10 years.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- An invitation from the employer.
Additional Information:
When you get a job in India, you get a residence permit.
Only highly qualified specialists with higher education can get a job.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Business plan.
Additional Information:
When opening a business, a residence permit is issued.
The applicant must draw up a real business plan, which will be coordinated in the Ministry of Economy, as well as create several jobs.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 3 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the relationship.
Additional Information:
If you have close relatives in India, you can apply for a residence permit through the family reunification program.
To do this, you will need to provide documents confirming the relationship and an invitation from the host party.
Your relative must be a citizen of the country and have lived in this status for at least 5 years.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
100 USDfrom 14 to 60 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the investment.
Additional Information:
In order to obtain Indian citizenship, it is necessary to invest at least 1,500,000 USD in the economy of this country.

Taxes

The main taxes in India are: taxation of individuals, income tax, withholding tax, goods and services tax (GST), social contributions, stamp duty, securities transactions tax, property tax.

Taxation of individuals
Taxation of individuals depends on their status:
- a tax resident, usually residing in the country, pays tax on his world income
- a tax resident who does not normally reside in the country pays tax on income arising in India and foreign income received in India
- a tax non-resident pays tax on income from sources in India.
Income tax is charged at the following rates:
- income up to 3,066 USD – 0%
- income from 3,066 to 6,133 USD – 5%
- income from 6 133 to 12 267 USD – 20%
- income over 12,267 USD – 30%.
Taxpayers whose income exceeds 5,000,000 rupees (61,339 USD) are charged an additional tax: from 10% to 37%, depending on the amount.

Income tax
Indian companies pay income tax on their global income, while foreign companies pay income from sources in India.
The basic income tax rate for Indian companies is 25%.
Additional tax at the rate of 10% is paid from the amount of income tax.

Income tax at the source of payment
When paying dividends, the tax is withheld at the rate of 20% (the rate can be reduced to 5% in many cases), royalties – 10%.

Goods and Services Tax (GST)
GST is similar to VAT. The tax is levied at the federal and state levels. Tax rates, as a rule, vary between 5% and 28%, the basic rate is 18%.

Social contributions
Payment of social contributions is mandatory for companies with at least 20 employees.
Employees must pay contributions at a rate of 12%. Employers also pay a contribution at a rate of 12% when rewarding an employee up to 184 USD per month.

Stamp duty
Stamp duty is paid in transactions with property. Rates are set at the state level.

Tax on securities transactions
The tax is paid in respect of transactions with quoted shares and some other financial instruments. Rates range from 0.001% to 0.125%.

Property tax
Tax rates depend on the location of the property and are set by local authorities.

Education

The education system in India is divided into 3 stages: primary, secondary and higher education.
There is no preschool education as such, but there are a small number of private kindergartens.

Primary education
Primary, secondary incomplete primary (1st to 5th grade) and senior primary (6th to 8th grade) education in India is compulsory and free. Primary education begins at the age of 6, and secondary/senior primary school education ends at the age of 14. Education is offered in public and private schools, but private schools often have worse facilities and infrastructure than public schools. The regional language is the medium of instruction in most primary schools, and English as a second language usually begins in grade 3.

Secondary education
Secondary education begins in grade 9 and continues until grade 12. The secondary education stage is divided into two-year cycles, commonly referred to as general secondary school and senior secondary school. Education in public schools is still free, although private education is more common at the secondary school level. State exams are held at the end of both cycles and provide access to study in the 11th grade and at the university, respectively. The general curriculum for junior high school in India consists of three languages, mathematics, natural sciences and technology, social sciences and so on.

Vocational and technical education
Students who do not want to pursue higher education or cannot complete secondary school often enroll in private vocational schools that specialize in only one or more courses.

Higher education
There are various types of higher education institutions in India, namely universities (central, state, open), universities of national importance and recognized universities. The majority of students, almost 80%, study at affiliated colleges, while the curriculum, exams and final degree are developed and awarded by the university.
Admission to undergraduate courses usually requires completion of grade 12, and admission to university almost exclusively depends on exam results. Bachelor's degrees in arts, natural sciences, social sciences and commerce are almost always designed for three years. There are diploma programs lasting from 2 to 3 years, which are provided at polytechnic universities, usually in a specialized engineering or technological field, and end with an advanced diploma or postgraduate education. Professional bachelor's degrees in medicine, architecture, law range from 4 to 5.5 years, depending on the discipline.

Healthcare

India has universal healthcare system. In some states, up to 90% of the population rely on public hospitals, which are free. However, universal healthcare in India is not entirely universal. There are significant differences in care depending on gender, social class and geographical location.

By law, the provision of medical services is the responsibility of the State. The states are additionally charged with dealing with public health, nutrition and living standards. How well they succeed in their endeavors varies greatly.

As mentioned above, Indian citizens receive free treatment in public hospitals. Expats and tourists can also use these services, but they will have to pay out of pocket.

The healthcare system in India is universal. At the same time, there is a large discrepancy in the quality and coverage of medical care in India. Healthcare between states and rural and urban areas can vary greatly. Rural areas often suffer from a shortage of doctors, and differences between states mean that residents of the poorest states, such as Bihar, often have less access to proper medical care than residents of relatively wealthier states.

A significant part of the Indian population uses the services of private medical institutions, and a significant minority has private health insurance. Most local patients who cannot afford insurance prefer to pay for services as needed. Unfortunately, in some cases, patients take on significant debts to afford treatment.

The standard of medical care in private institutions varies from adequate to world-class. Those private institutions that are mainly focused on working-class locals are very different from those that are focused on expats and wealthy locals.

India is a popular destination for medical tourists, given the relatively low cost and high quality of private hospitals.

Climate

India is a state in South Asia. The population is about 1.4 billion people, the territory is 3,287,263 km2, according to both of these indicators, it is the largest country in South Asia. It occupies one of the first places in the world in terms of population.
The capital is New Delhi.
The Constitution of India defines 21 official languages.
Federal State, parliamentary republic. It is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories.

India borders Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal and Bhutan to the northeast, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In addition, India has maritime borders with the Maldives in the southwest, with Sri Lanka in the south and with Indonesia in the southeast.
Until August 15, 1947, it was British India — part of Great Britain.

The country is largely divided into a number of major regions geographically. These include the great mountains in the north, the Thar Desert in the northwest, the Indo-Gangetic Plain is characterized by three important rivers (Ganges, Indus and Brahmaputra), a peninsular plateau divided by the central highlands and scattered with shallow valleys and rounded hills, and many small rivers flow on the coastal plains. There are also two main island groups: the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and the Lakshadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea.

According to the climate, India can be divided into several regions. For the most part, the country has a tropical climate, which in most of the interior is a mixture of wet and dry tropical weather. The northern parts have a humid tropical climate, and along the western coast there are humid tropical areas. A semi-arid climate stretches along the center of the country, which extends to the northwest.

The summer months can be very hot, from March to June, when maximum temperatures in some parts reach at least 40C. This is the pre-monsoon season (although thunderstorms occur in the northeastern and eastern parts of Bihar, Assam and West Bengal, and hot and dry winds are common on the plains of northwestern India).
From July to September there are monsoon rains, which provide about three quarters of the annual rainfall in the country.
Autumn lasts from October to December and marks the transition to winter. The temperature is gradually starting to decrease, and there is also a decrease in humidity throughout the country. Rains are still common in some parts. Winter may begin as early as December, but for most areas in January and February, this cold season begins, when the average temperature is from 10 C to 15 C in the northwestern regions and from 20 C to 25 C in the southeastern region of mainland India. During these months, the heaviest snowfall falls in mountainous areas, and temperatures can drop well below zero.

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