Japan

More than 98% of Japan's population is Japanese

About Country

    Continent

    Asia

    Capital

    Tokyo

    Population

    126,476,461

    World share 

    1.6 %

    Land area

    364,555 km²

    Official Languages

    - Japanese

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    JPY

    Economy rating

    3

    Economy GDP

    5,378,136 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    42,523 USD

Democracy Index

8.13

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

8.75
8.75

Functioning of government

8.57
8.57

Political participation

6.67
6.67

Political culture

8.13
8.13

Civil liberties

8.53
8.53

    Crime Rate

    0.3

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    2.9 %

    Low unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.87

Bad

*

Average salary

4.81
4.81

Average expense

2.32
2.32

Average rent price

1.49
1.49

    Average salary

    3,378 USD

    Average expense

    1,000 USD

    Average rent price

    746 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Hard

    Recommended Savings

    10,474 USD

    Double citizenship

    Forbidden

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    -

    Passport rating

    1 Amount of countries: 193

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Employeefrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
0 USD
Marriagefrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
0 USD
Studentfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
0 USD
Special casesfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
0 USD


Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of the page with passport details and the passport;
- Foreign passport;
- Copy of the foreign passport;
- Certificate of Eligibility (must be provided by an employer);
- Copy of the Certificate of Eligibility;
- 2 copy of filled out visa application form (visa application form) with photographs 45mm×45mm;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
First of all, you need to find an employer who will apply to the Japan Immigration Services Agency (Immigration Services Agency WebSite). After confirmation, you will receive a Certificate of Eligibility and only then you can apply for a visa for a long-term stay in Japan.

Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of the page with passport details and the passport;
- Foreign passport;
- Copy of the foreign passport;
- Certificate of Eligibility (must be provided by spouse);
- Copy of the Certificate of Eligibility;
- 2 copy of filled out visa application form (visa application form) with photographs 45mm×45mm;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
You should not try to enter into a fictitious marriage, as special authorities will reveal this fact within a few years and deport you back. Finding a real partner is not so difficult, the Japanese openly get acquainted in social networks.This method of immigration does not popular, since social services constantly come to you. Also, at the slightest sign of a fictitious marriage you will be deported.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of the page with passport details and the passport;
- Foreign passport;
- Copy of the foreign passport;
- Certificate of Eligibility (must be provided by the educational institution);
- Copy of the Certificate of Eligibility;
- 2 copy of filled out visa application form (visa application form) with photographs 45mm×45mm;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
As in the previous cases, we need someone in Japan to make us a Certificate of Eligibility. We need to find an educational institution, submit documents, enter and receive a Certificate of Eligibility. Further, everything is as usual, we carry the applications, passports and Certificate of Eligibility.

Special cases

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 1 to 3 months (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Copy of the page with passport details and the passport;
- Foreign passport;
- Copy of the foreign passport;
- Certificate of Eligibility (must be provided by the citizen or organization from Japan);
- Copy of the Certificate of Eligibility;
- 2 copy of filled out visa application form (visa application form) with photographs 45mm×45mm;
- Additional documents upon request.
Additional Information:
As you already understood, without a citizen or organization in Japan who can vouch for you, you cannot get a long-term visa. But the vouch is not enough, you also need a good reason. Here is an additional list of those who can receive the coveted Certificate of Eligibility:
- Artists and artists;
- Journalists;
- Religious figures;
- Researchers.

Immigration process

The immigration process itself is to stay in the country for more than 5 years and then apply for citizenship. It is important that you do not need to know the Japanese language to obtain citizenship. Another important point, if you apply for citizenship in Japan, you must refuse your previous citizenship. Japanese citizenship is also revoked if you get a new one. Also, a consular fee is not always taken to apply for a visa. For countries from the list below, there is no consular fee:
America:
- United States;
- Canada;
- Bahamas;
- Barbados;
- Colombia;
- Costa Rica;
- El Salvador;
- Honduras;
- Mexico;
- Suriname;
Africa:
- Lesotho;
- Mauritius;
Asia:
- Bangladesh;
- Korea;
- Malaysia;
- Pakistan;
- Philippines (only for Temporary Visitors staying in Japan within 90 days);
- British Nationals Overseas (Hong Kong);
- Hong Kong special administrative region (SAR);
- Macao (SAR);
- Israel;
- Jordan.
Europe:
- Armenia;
- Austria;
- Azerbaijan;
- Belarus;
- Belgium;
- Bulgaria;
- Croatia;
- Cyprus;
- Czech;
- Denmark;
- Estonia;
- Georgia;
- Germany;
- Hungary;
- Iceland;
- Ireland;
- Italy;
- Kazakhstan;
- Kyrgyz;
- Luxembourg;
- Latvia;
- Lithuania;
- Macedonia;
- Malta;
- Moldova;
- Monaco;
- Netherlands;
- Poland;
- Portugal;
- Romania (only for Temporary Visitors staying in Japan within 60 days);
- Russia;
- San Marino;
- Slovak;
- Slovenia;
- Spain;
- Sweden;
- Tajikistan;
- Turkmenistan;
- Ukraine;
- Uzbekistan.
Oceania:
- Australia;
- New Zealand.

If you are a citizen of a country not on this list, then you will have to pay to obtain a visa. Current rates here: Official fee, Japan.

Taxes

All persons residing in Japan for more than one year, including foreigners, must pay taxes if they earn more than the determined (net) income.

In Japan, taxes are principally made up of national taxes paid to the state and local taxes paid to provinces and municipalities. One of the main national taxes is the income tax while the citizen tax and vehicle tax are local. In addition, national and local taxes are divided into direct and indirect taxes. The income tax and citizen's tax are direct taxes while the consumption tax is an indirect tax.

The taxes that are paid to the State are called “national taxes”, among which are the income tax and the consumption tax.

Business owners have to calculate gross income, necessary expenses, tax rate, etc., and report their earnings directly to the tax office. This form of payment is called "income tax return."

On the other hand, those others who receive salaries and extra payments from their companies, for example employees (salary recipients), do not need to file income tax returns because the company automatically withholds the tax every month and pays it to the tax office, thus ending your contribution. This form of payment is called "employee income tax withholding."

In conclusion, understanding bank accounts and the tax system in Japan is not terribly difficult. Being a very advanced and leading world economy, much of the Japanese financial system is similar to that of Europe and North America. Thanks to that, it is easy to understand the tax system.

Education

In Japan there is a preschool period (with kindergartens, yochien, and kindergartens, hoikuen), a primary stage (99% are public and mixed), a secondary stage (elementary and higher, also with more than 90% public and mixed) and the university stage.

The primary stage has a teacher who teaches almost all subjects, except music and art, and in secondary the core of subjects includes mathematics, Japanese language, geography and history, science, physical and health education, art, foreign language , home economics, computer science, and civics.

Universities can be short-cycle, two-year, or long-cycle, four-year. The practice prevails over theory in a proportion of more than 75%, with direct connection with the companies, in which they try to apply their research. Also there are schools for foreigners, with languages such as Chinese, English or Korean, and special education centers in Japan.

Schools can be national, municipal or private. At the upper secondary level, there are other possibilities, such as vocational, trade or specialty schools. The curriculum, like the textbooks or other materials, are evaluated and approved by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and the guidelines of the educational system are reviewed every ten years, so it can be considered stable legislation and durable.

The calendar is also different from what we are used to. It is made up of three quarters, beginning in April: April to July, with about forty days of summer vacation, September to December, and January to March, with two weeks of vacation both in winter and spring.

Healthcare

Currently, Japan's healthcare system is at one of the highest levels in the world in many facets, such as average life expectancy and infant mortality. But at the same time, the system faces various challenges, such as the small number of medical professionals (doctors, nurses, etc.) per bed and the long average hospital stay.

An amendment to the National Health Insurance Law that came into effect in 1961 granted the right to all Japanese citizens and foreign residents to receive the benefits of one of the six existing health insurance programs. The main program is the employee health insurance, which covers the majority of workers in the private sector, and the National Health Insurance, which covers the self-employed, the unemployed, the retired and others who do not meet the requirements of employee health insurance.

In the 21st century, the health care system will have to cope with changes in the frequency of illness, changes that include the increasing prevalence of psychiatric problems such as depression, the emergence of new infectious diseases such as SARS, and, above all, the greater number of cases of geriatric diseases as a consequence of the increase in the average age of the population.

This universal health care system provides all citizens with adequate healthcare, and in this way contributes greatly to their peace of mind and the level of sanity throughout society. Universal health insurance in Japan also includes the High Cost Health Care Benefit System (kogaku iryohi shikyu seido) where the higher current expenses for expensive medical processes are cut to a maximum level based on one's taxable income.

Climate

More than a change of climate in Japan, the passing of the seasons is a cultural event that does not go unnoticed by the Japanese.

From north to south, Japan covers a latitude band of about 25 degrees. During winter it receives seasonal winds from Siberia, while in summer the winds come from the Pacific Ocean.

Despite its relatively small area, Japan is characterized by four different weather patterns.

Hokkaido prefecture, with a sub-arctic climate, has an average annual temperature of 9.45 degrees Celsius, and the amount of rainfall that occurs throughout the year is less, compared to other prefectures.

The part which often faces the Pacific Ocean, from the Tohoku region in northern Honshu to Kyushu, is the temperate zone, where summers are hot due to the influence of seasonal winds blowing from the Pacific.

The main part of the country that faces the Sea of Japan has a climate with a lot of rain and snow, which occurs when cold and humid winds meet from the Asian continent, with the Japanese Alps and other mountains.

On the other hand, the southwestern islands of Okinawa prefecture belong to the subtropical climate and have an average temperature of more than 22 degrees per year, at the same time that they receive higher precipitation.

As the National Meteorological Agency stipulates “Japan is a country with four seasons”, which includes spring: from March to May, summer: from June to August, autumn: from September to November, and winter: from December to February.

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