Kazakhstan

Family ties in Kazakhstan are especially revered. A modern Kazakh can easily name relatives up to the 5th, 7th generation.

About Country

    Continent

    Asia

    Capital

    Astana

    Population

    18,776,707

    World share 

    0.2 %

    Land area

    2,699,700 km²

    Official Languages

    - Kazakh
    - Russian

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    KZT

    Economy rating

    48

    Economy GDP

    187,836 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    10,004 USD

Democracy Index

3.14

Authoritarian

*

Electoral process and pluralism

0.5
0.5

Functioning of government

3.21
3.21

Political participation

5
5

Political culture

3.75
3.75

Civil liberties

3.24
3.24

    Crime Rate

    5.1

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    5 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

4.04

Middling

*

Average salary

1.03
1.03

Average expense

7.27
7.27

Average rent price

3.82
3.82

    Average salary

    723 USD

    Average expense

    319 USD

    Average rent price

    290 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    3,655 USD

    Double citizenship

    Forbidden

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Obligatory examination for knowledge of the Kazakh language

    Passport rating

    73 Amount of countries: 76

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Employeefrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
74 USD
Marriagefrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
74 USD
Investmentsfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
74 USD
Family reunificationfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
74 USD
Originfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
74 USD
Refugeefrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
74 USD


Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
74 USDfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Questionnaire (the form is issued by the Migration Police of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Test certificates (after passing a medical examination);
- Autobiography (compiled in free form);
- Employment contract;
- A document confirming the qualification.
Additional Information:
If you have found and found a job in Kazakhstan, then you will be issued a residence permit.
The Republic is interested in highly qualified specialists and seasonal workers.

Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
74 USDfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Questionnaire (the form is issued by the Migration Police of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Test certificates (after passing a medical examination);
- Autobiography (compiled in free form);
- Marriage registration certificate.
Additional Information:
When you marry a citizen of the Republic of Kazakhstan, you are issued a residence permit.
A marriage between a citizen of Kazakhstan and a foreign citizen is registered at the Registry Office or at the diplomatic institution of the country from which the foreign person came.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
74 USDfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Questionnaire (the form is issued by the Migration Police of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Test certificates (after passing a medical examination);
- Autobiography (compiled in free form);
- Documents confirming the investment.
Additional Information:
When investing in the country's economy, you get a residence permit.
The minimum investment amount is $100,000.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
74 USDfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Questionnaire (the form is issued by the Migration Police of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Test certificates (after passing a medical examination);
- Autobiography (compiled in free form);
- Documents confirming the relationship.
Additional Information:
Close relatives of a person who has a residence permit, permanent residence or citizenship in the Republic of Kazakhstan can apply for a residence permit.
Close relatives include a spouse, minor children, parents, dependent pensioners and other family members who are dependent on the inviting person, whose maintenance is the responsibility of the inviting person.

Origin

Immigration feeImmigration Time
74 USDfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Questionnaire (the form is issued by the Migration Police of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Test certificates (after passing a medical examination);
- Autobiography (compiled in free form);
- Documents confirming the presence of Kazakh roots.
Additional Information:
You can apply for a residence permit if you prove that you have Kazakh roots.
After that, you will be issued a residence permit.

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
74 USDfrom 5 to 20 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Questionnaire (the form is issued by the Migration Police of the Republic of Kazakhstan);
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Test certificates (after passing a medical examination);
- Autobiography (compiled in free form);
- Certificate of admission to study.
Additional Information:
Upon admission to an educational institution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, you are issued a residence permit.
It is issued to foreigners who plan to receive any of the following education in Kazakhstan: professional, technical, secondary, post-secondary, higher, postgraduate.

Taxes

The main taxes in the Republic of Kazakhstan are: taxation of individuals, income tax, value added tax, income tax at the source of payment, real estate tax, land tax, social contributions.

Taxation of individuals
Tax residents of Kazakhstan are taxed on their worldwide income, and tax non-residents are taxed only on their income received from sources in Kazakhstan.
The personal income tax rate of 10% (in some cases 20%) applies to most types of personal income, but the rate of 5% applies only to dividends received in Kazakhstan.

Income tax
The corporate income tax rate is 20% and is calculated for a calendar year.
A reduced income tax rate of 6% is applied to qualified agricultural income of legal entities producing agricultural products.
There are also other benefits.

Value added tax
The current VAT rate is 12%. This tax applies to goods, work and services, as well as to imports. Exports of goods and international transport services are taxed at a rate of 0%. There is a list of goods, works and services exempt from VAT.

Income tax at the source of payment
Non-residents' income from the provision of services in Kazakhstan is taxed at a rate of 20%. The tax can either be withheld or reduced if a number of conditions are met.

Real estate tax
Property tax is calculated annually at a total rate of 1.5% of the average residual value of real estate.

Land tax
Legal entities and individuals owning land plots are required to pay land tax annually. Rates vary depending on the purpose of use, as well as the size and quality of the land.

Social contributions
Social tax
Employers must pay a social tax of 9.5% of the remuneration of all employees.
Mandatory social insurance contributions
Mandatory social insurance contributions are paid by employers at a rate of 3.5% to the State Pension Center.
Mandatory pension contributions
Mandatory pension contributions are withheld in the amount of 10% of employees' income and transferred to the State Pension Center.

Education

In the Republic of Kazakhstan, the education system consists of 4 main stages: preschool, primary, secondary and higher education. There are both public and private institutions. In addition, schools differ in the language of instruction, there are Kazakh, Russian, Uzbek, Uighur, Tajik and English.

Preschool education
Preschool education is divided into two stages: kindergartens and preschool training. Children from 1 to 6 years old go to kindergartens. And preschool training is attended from 4 to 6 years.

Primary education
Primary education is provided to children from 6 to 10 years old. Children are admitted to the first grade from 6-7 years old. Compulsory academic subjects are mainly native language and mathematics.

Secondary education
Secondary education in Kazakhstan has 2 stages. Secondary complete education and secondary vocational education.
Children from 10 to 18 years of age receive a full secondary education. After graduation, a certificate of secondary education is issued.
There are about 7,6 thousand schools in the Republic.
After the 9th or 11th grade, a student can go to receive secondary vocational education. The training lasts from 3 to 4 years.

Higher education
Higher education in Kazakhstan can be obtained after achieving basic general secondary education or secondary vocational education. To enter the university, school graduates take school final exams, as well as entrance exams in the form of a Unified National Testing (UNT).
The second higher education in Kazakhstan is obtained only on a paid basis with an accelerated period of study (2-3 years).
There are 129 higher educational institutions operating in the Republic of Kazakhstan, of which 33 are state-owned, 92 are private universities and 4 with foreign ownership.

Healthcare

State regulation in the field of healthcare in the Republic of Kazakhstan falls within the competence of the Ministry of Health.

Primary health care
Primary care is provided by general practitioners (family doctors), district therapists, pediatricians, paramedics, obstetricians, nurses of extended practice (general practice), district nurses, social workers, psychologists.
Primary care includes the following medical services:
- reception and examination by a doctor or nurse of primary health care
- emergency care
- basic laboratory and instrumental diagnostics
- training in the prevention and management of chronic diseases
- family planning and school of preparation for childbirth
- medical rehabilitation of 3 stages
These services are mainly aimed at prevention and assistance in the most common, chronic and socially significant diseases.

Specialized outpatient care
The range of free services at the outpatient level is quite wide and consists of packages of guaranteed free medical care and compulsory social health insurance. To get the latter, you need to be insured.
Citizens who regularly pay contributions to the MSHI and have the status of "INSURED" can receive a wider list of medical services without paying them additionally.
The list of compulsory social health insurance includes:
1. Outpatient medical care (diagnosis and treatment of diseases).
- preventive medical examinations
- reception and consultations by specialized specialists in the direction of PHC doctors
- dynamic monitoring by specialized specialists of persons with chronic diseases
- provision of dental care
- diagnostic services

2. Specialized medical care in hospital-substituting conditions.
3. Medical rehabilitation.
4. Pathoanatomic diagnostics.
5. Preparation of a posthumous donor.
6. Provision of medicines and medical products.

Climate

The Republic of Kazakhstan is located in the center of Eurasia. The area of the state is 2.7 million km2. The capital Astana is located in the northern part of the country. Kazakhstan is washed by the Aral Sea in the south and the Caspian Sea in the southwest. Lake Balkhash is located in Kazakhstan, with an area of 16.4 thousand km2.

Half of the territory of the republic belongs to deserts, semi-deserts. In the north there are forest-steppes and steppes. In the center of the country there is a steppe with steep low mountains. The country has a well-developed network of natural reservoirs. Rivers belong to the basins of the surrounding seas. The state is also rich in flora and fauna.

The climate in Kazakhstan is sharply continental with an average temperature between -4 C and - 19C in January and between +19 and +26 C in July. In winter, the temperature can drop to - 45 C, and in summer it can rise to +30 C.
The cold winter begins in November and lasts until April. The influence of Arctic air masses leads to severe (up to -50 C) frosts.
Spring lasts from mid-April to the end of May. The weather is quite unstable, there may be both a warm day and windy weather with a cold snap.
Dry hot summer begins at the end of May and lasts until mid-September. The temperature can reach +40 C.
Autumn, with even weather and night frosts, begins at the end of September and lasts until the beginning of November.

The relative humidity of the air is low.
The average annual precipitation does not exceed 500 mm . In spring and summer, the rainy season begins, and after that comes a period of drought.
From April to June and from September to November is the peak of the tourist season in Kazakhstan.

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