Mali

The only university in Mali was closed due to lack of students.

About Country

    Continent

    Africa

    Capital

    Bamako

    Population

    20,250,833

    World share 

    0.3 %

    Land area

    1,220,190 km²

    Official Languages

    - French

    Unofficial Languages

    - Bambara
    - Bobo
    - Dogon
    - Fula
    - Malinke
    - Minianka
    - Senoufo
    - Sonrhai/Djerma
    - Tamahaq

    Currency

    XOF

    Economy rating

    112

    Economy GDP

    19,912 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    983 USD

Democracy Index

3.93

Authoritarian

*

Electoral process and pluralism

5.17
5.17

Functioning of government

0
0

Political participation

4.44
4.44

Political culture

5.63
5.63

Civil liberties

4.41
4.41

    Crime Rate

    10.9

    Secure

    Unemployment

    7.3 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.07

Bad

*

Average salary

0.16
0.16

Average expense

4.87
4.87

Average rent price

1.18
1.18

    Average salary

    110 USD

    Average expense

    398 USD

    Average rent price

    943 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    8,046 USD

    Double citizenship

    Forbidden

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Icelandic language exam

    Passport rating

    92 Amount of countries: 55

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
110 USD
Family reunificationfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
110 USD
Special casesfrom 5 to 30 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
110 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
110 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the marriage.
Additional Information:
When you marry a citizen of the country, you have the right to a residence permit.
Only an official marriage is possible.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
110 USDfrom 5 to 10 days (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the relationship.
Additional Information:
If you have a close relative in the country who is a citizen, then you can use the family reunification program.
The next of kin can move, they include: spouse, parents, children.

Special cases

Immigration feeImmigration Time
110 USDfrom 5 to 30 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal.
Additional Information:
Persons who have rendered exceptional services to the nation may be naturalized after a five-year period of residence.

Taxes

Mali (or officially the Republic of Mali) is a landlocked country in West Africa. The population of Mali is about 20 million people (17,994,837 people). It is estimated that 67% of the population in 2017 were under the age of 25.
The country's economy is focused on agriculture and mining. One of Mali's most famous natural resources is gold, with Mali being the third largest producer of gold on the African continent and salt.

Below are the main taxes of Mali.

The standard corporate tax rate is 30%. The minimum tax is applied at the rate of 1% of gross income. This minimum will be paid even in a loss-making year.

Dividends received from a company registered in Mali are taxed at source at a rate of 10%.

Value added tax is charged at the rate of 18%. All companies must receive a VAT registration number within 30 days after registration.

All employers in Mali are legally required to pay a payroll tax of 3.5% of the gross salary of each employee. In social security tax funds, both for health care and pensions, 3.6% of their pre-tax salary is paid from employees, while the employer pays 35% of the gross salary of the employee.

Holding companies are not subject to corporate taxation in Mali.

All undeveloped and built-up real estate is taxed on real estate at an annual rate of 3% of the total value of the property.

The Government of Mali determines the rate of temporary income tax depending on the specific situation of the company. Usually the rate should not exceed 3%.
However, this rate can be increased to a maximum of 5% if the company in question does not have a taxpayer identification number.

Education

In Mali, the education system is divided into 3 parts: primary, secondary and higher.

Primary education
Education is provided free of charge and is legally compulsory between the ages of 7 and 16, of which the first 6 years are primary education. Despite the improvement in conditions, many children from poor families still do not attend school due to the high costs of additional education.

Secondary education
After primary education, students can continue their studies and attend the lyceum for three years, which ends with passing the bachelor's degree exam. Successful completion of this exam can help students enroll in universities for higher and tertiary education. Conversely, Malian students may choose a more pre-professional path and choose a two-year or four-year professional program to pursue a technical degree.
High school gymnasiums are concentrated in urban areas, and the best of them are privately run. This sad reality of life leads to the fact that the path to progress is largely obscured for those young people whose fathers are neither rich nor otherwise influential.

Higher education
The University of Bamako, also known as the University of Mali, is an association of old institutions of higher education from the 1990s in the Bamako area. Its main campus is located in Badalabugu district.
The university consists of five faculties and two institutes:
- Faculty of Science and Technology (Faculté des Sciences et Techniques or FAST)
- Faculty of Medicine (FMPOS)
- Faculty of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences (Faculté des Lettres, Langues, Arts et Sciences Humaines or FLASH)
- Faculty of Law and Public Service (FPJP)
- Faculty of Economics and Management ("Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion" or FSEG)
- Institute of Management ("Institut Universitaire de Management" or IUG)
- Higher Institute of Education and Applied Research ("Institut Supérieur de Formation et de Recherche Appliquée" or ISFRA).
The medium of instruction is French.

Healthcare

Mali, one of the poorest countries in the world, suffers greatly from poverty, malnutrition, epidemics and inadequate hygiene and sanitation. Mali's health and development indicators are considered among the worst in the world, with little improvement over the past 20 years. Progress is hampered by Mali's poverty and a shortage of doctors. The 2012 conflict in northern Mali has exacerbated the difficulties in providing medical services to refugees living in the north.

Mali's health system faces many challenges. Malnutrition and poor sanitation are rampant throughout the country. The shortage of medical facilities is too obvious to go unnoticed, which leads, among other things, to endemic malaria and hepatitis A, dengue fever, meningitis, typhoid fever and diarrhea. Food shortages in the country have led to malnutrition. If you are planning to move to another country or go on a vacation trip, make sure you are vaccinated against yellow fever and get the appropriate health insurance in Mali for global coverage.

Public health in Mali
Although the Republic of Mali strives to provide health care to all its citizens, some difficulties negate the efforts of the Government of Mali. Extreme poverty is one of the biggest obstacles to the development and expansion of the country's healthcare system. It is well known that most of the funding comes from foreign donors.

The ever-unpredictable weather, extreme poverty and widespread diseases inevitably affect people's ability to feed themselves and recover from diseases.

The lack of proper food has led to the fact that Malians are faced with another serious health problem — malnutrition. And this is a burden on the medical staff responsible for taking medications. Moreover, the lack of sanitation and clean drinking water, as well as poor hygiene, is an existing health problem faced by Malians.

Together, these factors have made Mali's health system the worst in the world. Mali ranks lowest in terms of the health and development parameters that govern the world.

Climate

Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa.
It borders Senegal to the west, Mauritania and Algeria to the north, Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the southeast, Ivory Coast and Guinea to the south.

The climate of Mali is characterized by three seasons: the dry season from March to June, the rainy season or winter season from June to September and the off-season or cold season from October to February with a drying Saharan wind called harmattan.

Rainfall varies across the country, from the actual absence of rain in the desert in the north to the rainy season, which lasts about five months from June to October in the south. In the middle part of the country, precipitation falls from June to August. The dry season lasts from November to May, with lower temperatures between November and February, when it gets cold at night in the north. The most inconvenient time to visit is from April to June, when it is very hot, and in December, when a hot dry wind blows. The average temperature is 30C (from 24C in January to 35C in May).

In the hottest time of the year, high temperatures are all over the country. Timbuktu, Tagaza, Taudenni, Arauan, Gao, Kidal and Tessalit are among the hottest spots on Earth during the warmest months. Kayes, with an average high temperature of about 44C in April, was nicknamed the "pressure cooker of Africa" because of the intense heat all year round. The heat is more extreme in the north in the Sahara Desert, the maximum average high temperature of the year reaches 46C in Arauan in June and approaches 48C in the Taudenne area.

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