Mexico

Mexico is the birthplace of chili peppers, chocolate and corn.

About Country

    Continent

    America

    Capital

    Mexico City

    Population

    128,932,753

    World share 

    1.7 %

    Land area

    1,943,950 km²

    Official Languages

    - Spanish

    Unofficial Languages

    - Native languages

    Currency

    MXN

    Economy rating

    15

    Economy GDP

    1,192,480 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    9,249 USD

Democracy Index

6.07

Flawed
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

7.83
7.83

Functioning of government

5.71
5.71

Political participation

7.78
7.78

Political culture

3.13
3.13

Civil liberties

5.88
5.88

    Crime Rate

    29.1

    Normal

    Unemployment

    3.8 %

    Low unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.97

Bad

*

Average salary

1.01
1.01

Average expense

4.81
4.81

Average rent price

3.09
3.09

    Average salary

    707 USD

    Average expense

    482 USD

    Average rent price

    359 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    5,047 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Spanish language, history and culture tests

    Passport rating

    24 Amount of countries: 159

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
30 USD
Investmentsfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
44 USD
Businessfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
44 USD
Employeefrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
195 USD
Studentfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
36 USD
Family reunificationfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
36 USD
Birth of a childfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)
36 USD
Pensionfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
36 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
30 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- Marriage registration certificate.
Additional Information:
You are entitled to a residence permit if you marry a Mexican citizen.
The whole process is quite simple, the main thing is to collect all the documents, and after 35 days you can apply for a residence permit.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
44 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- A copy of the OGRNIP certificate;
- A copy of the TIN certificate.
Additional Information:
When investing in the country's economy or buying real estate, you are issued a residence permit.
It is necessary to invest at least $ 107,000. But real estate should cost at least $ 200,000.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
44 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- A copy of the OGRNIP certificate;
- A copy of the TIN certificate.
Additional Information:
You can purchase or build your business in Mexico.
The main condition for obtaining a residence permit is that your business must provide at least 5 jobs for Mexican citizens.
And there are also some restrictions for foreign citizens: for example, it is impossible to produce electricity, fish in coastal waters.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
195 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- A document of education with an apostille;
- Resume;
- An invitation from the employer with confirmation of the position, description of duties and indication of the salary amount;
- Documents of all family members who apply for dependent visas to stay in Mexico with the applicant's work permit.
Additional Information:
If you were able to find a job in Mexico, you have the right to obtain a residence permit.
Preference is given to highly qualified specialists, as well as persons with excellent knowledge of Spanish and English.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
36 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- Certificate from the place of study;
- Sponsorship letter.
Additional Information:
Students can get a residence permit for the period of study at a Mexican university. Upon graduation or expulsion from the university, the residence permit is canceled.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
36 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- Documents confirming family ties.
Additional Information:
Close relatives of a person who has citizenship in Mexico can apply for a residence permit. Relatives include parents, children, brothers/sisters, aunts/uncles or nephews.
A relative living in Mexico must prove with documentation that he is able to financially support the invited family member.

Birth of a child

Immigration feeImmigration Time
36 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
2 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- The birth certificate of the child in the territory of the state.
Additional Information:
A child born on the territory of Mexico automatically receives the citizenship of the state.
And his parents can apply for a residence permit.

Pension

Immigration feeImmigration Time
36 USDfrom 5 to 14 days (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Booking of air tickets;
- Confirmation of hotel reservation;
- Invitation, if available;
- A copy of the pension certificate.
Additional Information:
Non-residents over the age of 50 who have a permanent income of at least $ 1,700 per month + $870 for each dependent can apply for a Mexican residence permit.

Taxes

The main taxes in Mexico are: business taxes, value added tax, income tax, withholding tax, VAT, real estate tax.

Business taxes in Mexico
Receiving business income is considered commercial income. Any income received by an individual as a result of doing business is recognized as such. The rate of such a tax does not exceed 35% and directly depends on the amount of income.

Value added tax
The value added tax in Mexico, which is called IVA, is 16%.

Income tax
The corporate income tax in Mexico was 30% in 2022. The maximum rate reached 42%, and the minimum 28%.
There are also some benefits.

Income tax at the source of payment
Income received by individuals, residents of Mexico, in the form of dividends from Mexican companies is subject to taxation at a rate of 10%. When paying dividends to the participants of a Mexican company (non-residents of Mexico), the Mexican company withholds withholding tax on dividends also at the rate of 10%.

VAT
The standard VAT rate is 16%. A reduced rate may be applied to certain goods and services.

Property tax
Purchase tax is paid when buying real estate, its amount is 2% of the cost.
The annual fee is an annual payment of 0.01% of the value of the property.
Capital gains tax is paid at the sale of real estate in the amount of 25-30%, depending on the method of calculation.
The interest rate of the tax can be calculated not only based on the real market value, but also estimated.

Education

In Mexico, the education system consists of 5 main stages: preschool, primary, incomplete secondary, full secondary and higher education. There are both public and private institutions.

Preschool education
Preschool education is divided into two stages: nursery and kindergarten. Children from 2 to 3 years old go to the nursery. And kindergarten is attended from 3 to 6 years. Establishments operate free of charge, with the exception of private ones. In Mexico, preschool education is part of compulsory knowledge.

Primary education
They go to primary schools from 6 to 12 years old. Children receive primary education from 1st to 7th grade, that is, all subjects are taught by one or a maximum of 2 teachers.

Incomplete secondary education
Incomplete secondary school is attended by children from 12 to 15 years old (grades 7 to 9). To enter such schools, you must pass entrance tests and have a certificate of completed primary education. There are schools with academic and technical programs. At the end of the 9th grade, the student can choose: continue further education or go to work.

Full secondary education
These schools are attended from 15 to 17 years old. Institutions continue to be divided into different profiles: academic and technical. Academic schools prepare for further admission to higher educational institutions, after graduation they issue a certificate of maturity.
And technical schools train entry-level specialists in various fields so that they can go to work immediately after graduation. At the end, certificates of a professional technologist are issued.
There are mixed-type schools where you can get both certificates at once.

Higher education
There are more than a hundred universities and colleges in Mexico. After studying for 3 years and having defended the diploma, the main academic degree is issued – this is a licentiate. After another 2 years and carrying out scientific work, you can become a master. To achieve the degree of Doctor of Sciences, you need to study for another 2 years and write a dissertation. Tuition is paid everywhere, the average cost is 150 USD per academic year.

Unfortunately, despite significant progress, studies show that there are still many problems in the Mexican education system. A huge number of children (more than 3 million) do not go to school for a number of reasons.

Healthcare

In the Bloomberg ranking of countries of the world that assesses the effectiveness of health systems, Mexico took 21st place.
The Ministry of Health oversees the provision of medical care to the population.

As elsewhere, there are both private and public medical institutions. For Mexican citizens, medical care in public institutions is provided free of charge. But everyone is obliged to make monthly deductions to meet medical needs in the form of a tax.
Since 2016, personal contributions have been limited. For 2022, the amount is less than 15% of the taxpayer's total annual income or an amount equal to five annual EMS (maximum 175,505 Mexican pesos).
Resident taxpayers are allowed to deduct non-reimbursable medical expenses, expenses for a dentist, nutritionist, psychologist, as well as health insurance contributions in accordance with the general limit. Such expenses are not deductible if they are paid in cash.

All these payments cover medical expenses not only of the insured person, but also of all members of his family. The amount paid directly depends on the plan of the purchased medical care, and its value can be influenced, for example, by the presence of bad habits and the regularity of visiting the gym.

In order for a non-resident of the country to be able to count on receiving medical care, it is necessary to issue an insurance policy. An individual insurance policy can also be purchased by any Mexican as an addition to their basic health care plan. The costs will vary depending on the type of health insurance, the level of coverage, the number of family members covered, and other factors. The average cost of individual insurance in Mexico is $ 1,700 per year, with a deductible - about $ 5,000.

Climate

Mexico is a country in North America, bordering the United States of America in the north, washed by the waters of the Gulf of California and the Pacific Ocean, as well as the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The world's largest Spanish-speaking country by population.

The climate in the state is quite diverse, two are combined: tropical and subtropical. The weather is affected by the latitude of the place, altitude above sea level, distance from the ocean.

The amount of precipitation depends on the time of year and the location of the place relative to the oceans, mountains and air currents. Usually there are dry and wet seasons, which are formed under the influence of tropical cyclones. The rainy season falls in June-September and is especially pronounced on the Gulf coast. The precipitation level in regions with a dry climate is 300-600 mm/year or less. In most populated areas of the southern highlands, the average annual precipitation is 600-1000 mm/year.
Low coastal areas from the Gulf of Mexico receive more than 1000 mm of precipitation per year. In the south-eastern part, about 2000 mm of precipitation falls per year. In the north of the plateau and in the mountains of the Eastern and Western Sierra Madre, it sometimes snows heavily.
In addition, Mexico is located in the hurricane belt, and all coastal areas are affected by them in the period from June to November.

Orizaba is an active volcano in Mexico, the highest peak of the country. The height is 5636 m.

On both coasts in the tropical zone, the average temperature ranges from +24 to +28 °C. At altitudes from 1000 to 2000 m, the average temperature ranges from +16 to +20 °C. Above 2000 m, the temperature can reach +15 °C.

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