Papua New Guinea

A standard of living close to primitive is the norm in Papua New Guinea, and only 15% of the population lives in cities.

About Country

    Continent

    Oceania

    Capital

    Port Moresby

    Population

    8,947,024

    World share 

    0.1 %

    Land area

    452,860 km²

    Official Languages

    - English
    - Hiri Motu
    - Native languages
    - Tok Pisin

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    PGK

    Economy rating

    105

    Economy GDP

    24,536 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    2,742 USD

Democracy Index

6.1

Flawed
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

6.92
6.92

Functioning of government

6.07
6.07

Political participation

3.33
3.33

Political culture

6.25
6.25

Civil liberties

7.94
7.94

    Crime Rate

    7.85

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    2.5 %

    Low unemployment

*

Average salary

3.97
3.97

Average expense

1.78
1.78

Average rent price

0.86
0.86

    Average salary

    2,787 USD

    Average expense

    1,091 USD

    Average rent price

    1,289 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    14,284 USD

    Double citizenship

    Forbidden

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Passport rating

    67 Amount of countries: 83

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 10 to 30 days (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)
50 USD
Employeefrom 10 to 30 days (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)
50 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
50 USDfrom 10 to 30 days (paperwork)
3 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Documents confirming the marriage.
Additional Information:
When you marry a citizen of the country, you are issued a residence permit.
To obtain citizenship, you must have lived in the country for at least 3 years.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
50 USDfrom 10 to 30 days (paperwork)
8 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed questionnaire;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Financial documents: bank statement with bank seal;
- Letter of employment;
- A letter confirming a work permit.
Additional Information:
If you get a job in Papua New Guinea, you will get a residence permit.
The employer will have to apply for a work visa for you on behalf of the employee.

Taxes

Basic Taxes in Papua New Guinea:

Goods and Services Tax (GST)
The GST rate is 10% and applies to most goods and services supplied to Papua New Guinea. Exported goods and services are subject to a zero GST rate. Some services and goods are exempt, including medical, educational and financial services. Land is excluded from the goods and services tax, but buildings and other improvements are taxed.

Customs fees
Most production resources (including machinery and equipment) are not subject to customs duties, and the rates of other customs duties are gradually reduced. The remaining rates of customs duties vary depending on the nature of the imported goods and are estimated based on the total value of the imported goods, including cost, insurance and freight (CIF). Customs bonds can be issued for temporary import of goods that are subject to re-export within 12 months.

Excise taxes
Although customs duties are currently minimal in many cases, some goods, primarily cars, are now subject to excise tax. Private cars can be subject to excise tax of up to 40%, while working vehicles are subject to excise tax of 10%. Excise taxes may also be applied to some domestically produced goods, including refined petroleum products, alcohol and tobacco. The excise tax on tobacco products increases by 5% twice a year (10% annually).

Land tax
Land tax is levied annually on the unimproved value of land, and the right to levy land tax belongs exclusively to the provincial governments. It is difficult to introduce a land tax in Papua New Guinea, and it faces serious geographical and social problems.

Stamp duties
Stamp duty is applied at different rates to documents and certain transactions. Of particular note is the fee charged for the transfer of property, which increases to 5% if the value of the transferred property exceeds USD 29,000. The fee is paid by the buyer, and a 5% duty on the unencumbered value of the land can also be paid in the case of the transfer of shares in certain land-owning companies.

Contributions to employees' pension funds
Contributions to employee pension funds are mandatory for enterprises with 15 or more permanent employees. The mandatory employer contribution is 8.4% of the basic salary of each employee. The minimum employee contribution is 6.0%.

Education

The education system of Papua New Guinea has three levels: primary, secondary and higher. The academic year lasts from January to December.

Primary schools, or public schools, provide six years of education for children aged 7-12. Most of the instructions still happen in English.

Primary education
Education in Papua New Guinea is still not compulsory, and as a result, adult illiteracy rates are likely to remain high. Primary school education lasts 2 years in a local public school, where instruction is conducted in the local language. After this introductory period, children aged 9 to 14 remain in the same local schools to finish grades 3-8.

Secondary education
If the performance of children in primary school is assessed as satisfactory, children can enroll in a provincial secondary school for a period of 2 years. There, the training takes place in English or talk-writing, depending on the region.

Secondary education
Students with academic ambitions can apply for admission to the national high school for the last period of 2 years. However, there are few such urban institutions, and the competition for admission to them is very tough.

Vocational and technical education
After graduating from high school, students also have the opportunity to enroll in various technical and vocational educational institutions and to study in various disciplines in accordance with their interests.

Higher education
There are seven universities in Papua New Guinea, some of which are publicly funded, while others are private or have a religious affiliation. Pacific College offers programs in Accounting, business, education, secretarial Skills, and Theology, while the University of Technology provides degrees in architecture, business, Engineering, and forestry.

Healthcare

Papua New Guinea is a developing country located in the north of Australia.

Medical services in Papua New Guinea are funded by the Federal Government. There are very few hospitals, and the current healthcare infrastructure is a combination of public, private and church institutions. Most medical facilities are located in cities.

Public health care in Papua New Guinea is free for residents. However, patients will have to pay a small fee for outpatient treatment. Emergency medical care can be easily obtained in cities or urban areas. However, in case of treatment of serious cases, patients will have to choose medical evacuation to Australia, which again can be quite expensive. Also, please note that you will have to pay in advance in cash if you want to be treated at most private clinics and hospitals in Papua New Guinea.

Public health in Papua New Guinea
Since independence, the Government of Papua New Guinea has focused on providing primary health care to everyone who lives on its territory. The State national health system is responsible for the provision of primary health care. The health status of the entire population has improved somewhat. Nevertheless, the lack of adequate means to prevent deadly diseases such as malaria remains a major concern in the country.

Private healthcare in Papua New Guinea
Private medical facilities in Papua New Guinea are constantly being improved. Thanks to the emergence of new private facilities in urban areas. Aspen Medical Harbor City Private Clinic is one of the best private medical institutions in the country. It provides a wide range of services, including primary care, round-the-clock emergency care, including home and ambulance calls, pathology, medical imaging, etc.

Emergency medical care in Papua New Guinea
To receive emergency medical care in the country, you need to dial 1567. This will help you to use the services of ambulance and emergency medical evacuation.

Medicines and pharmacies
Conventional medicines are readily available at local Papua New Guinea medical stores. However, having prescribed medications with you would be ideal if you stay for a longer period.

Climate

Papua New Guinea is a state in Oceania, in the southwestern part of the Pacific Ocean, occupies the eastern part of the island of New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, the northern part of the Solomon Islands (Bougainville Island, Buka), D'entrecasteau Island, etc. The area is 462,840 km2. The population is 7,275,324 people.
The official languages are English, Tok-pisin and Hiri-Motu.

The climate of Papua New Guinea is tropical, hot and almost everywhere very humid. Summer temperatures fluctuate around +24-32C, winter - +24-28C, while the maximum air temperature on the coast at any time of the year can reach +40C, and in mountainous areas it is also stable at 7-10C lower. At the same time, in the central regions, even in summer, the temperature at night can drop to +6 C, and during the day the air warms up to +26-28 C. On the coasts, the climate is more even - the difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures rarely reaches 4-5 C, but it is always very hot.

Precipitation falls from 1300 to 5000 mm per year, and their nature can vary dramatically in different regions of the country. In Port Moresby (the southeastern coast of the Gulf of Papua), about 1000 mm of rain falls per year, while in Lae (only 300 km north) - up to 4500 mm, and in the western regions of the island of New Britain - (300 km east of Lae) - up to 5200-6000 mm per year.

In most of New Guinea, the wet season is from December to March, the dry season is from May to October, although most often the seasonality depends on the nature of the main winds and can change noticeably even on two nearby slopes of the same mountain range. During the two transitional months (April and November), the weather is unstable and not suitable for travel due to strong winds and short-term, but very powerful downpours.

The vegetation and wildlife of Papua New Guinea are rich and diverse. There are more than 20 thousand species of plants growing there. The animal world of the country is represented by reptiles, insects and especially numerous birds.

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