Spain

Spanish is the third most spoken language in the world, with approximately 400 million speakers.

About Country

    Continent

    Europe

    Capital

    Madrid

    Population

    46,754,778

    World share 

    0.6 %

    Land area

    498,800 km²

    Official Languages

    - Aranese
    - Basque
    - Catalan
    - Spanish

    Unofficial Languages

    Currency

    EUR

    Economy rating

    14

    Economy GDP

    1,461,552 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    31,260 USD

Democracy Index

8.12

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.58
9.58

Functioning of government

7.14
7.14

Political participation

7.22
7.22

Political culture

8.13
8.13

Civil liberties

8.53
8.53

    Crime Rate

    0.6

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    13.3 %

    High unemployment

Expense and Salary

;">

2.62

Bad

*

Average salary

3.24
3.24

Average expense

3.1
3.1

Average rent price

1.53
1.53

    Average salary

    2,277 USD

    Average expense

    747 USD

    Average rent price

    727 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    8,842 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    Knowledge of the language (DELE) and knowledge of the constitutional and socio-cultural foundations of the state (CCSE)

    Passport rating

    3 Amount of countries: 190

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Marriagefrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
1 year (for citizenship)
60 USD
Family reunificationfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
68 USD
Investmentsfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
80 USD
Businessfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
80 USD
EU Blue Cardfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
68 USD
Studentfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
60 USD
Employeefrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)
80 USD
Refugeefrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
0 USD


Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
60 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
1 year (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Wedding invitation from the Spanish side;
- A copy of the application for marriage registration sent to the Registry Office of Spain;
- A complete package of personal, financial, housing and social documentation of the Spanish bride or groom.
Additional Information:
You can get a residence permit in Spain when you marry a citizen of the country.
Everything is quite simple, but you need to understand that after submitting the application there will be an interview at which you will be checked for the authenticity of your marriage, asking questions - your favorite color, when and where you met, and so on.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
68 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Initial permission for family reunification;
- Residence permit of the reuniting person;
- Documents confirming the relationship with the reuniting person;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Confirmation of the identity and legal capacity of the representative.
Additional Information:
Close relatives of a person who has a residence permit, permanent residence or citizenship in Spain can apply for a residence permit.
Close relatives include a spouse, minor children and dependent retired parents.

Investments

Immigration feeImmigration Time
80 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Positive conclusion on the project;
- Availability of sufficient financial resources;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Documents confirming the investment.
Additional Information:
When investing in the Country from 500,000 euros, you can get a residence permit. This amount can be invested both in real estate and to buy land.
The following option is also possible: stocks or investment funds for 1 million euros, or bonds and bonds for 2 million euros.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
80 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Positive conclusion on the project;
- Availability of sufficient financial resources;
- Certificate of no criminal record.
Additional Information:
You can open your own business or invest in someone else's, then you will get a residence permit.
But it is necessary that the business provides new jobs, and you will also have to provide a business plan.

EU Blue Card

Immigration feeImmigration Time
68 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- An employment contract or a guaranteed offer of a workplace;
- Graduation diploma, including an insert with a list of academic subjects;
- Biography.
Additional Information:
Highly qualified specialists can apply for the EU Blue Card. It gives the right to live and work in Spain.
Basic requirements:
- specialized higher education with a period of study of at least 3 years;
- work experience in the specialty;
- a contract with a Spanish employer with a salary above the national average.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
60 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Certificate of admission to study;
- Confirmation of the availability of financial resources;
- Confirmation of residence in the territory of the consular district.
Additional Information:
If you have entered an educational institution in Spain, then you will be given a residence permit.
The main condition is that the training must last more than 90 days in half a year to obtain a residence permit.

Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
80 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Completed application form;
- International passport;
- 2 color photos;
- Receipt of payment of the fee;
- General civil passport;
- Medical insurance;
- Certificate of no criminal record;
- Employment contract;
- Confirmation of residence in the territory of the consular district;
- Initial residence and employment permit.
Additional Information:
One of the most difficult ways to get a residence permit is to get a job in the country. The Spanish company will have to prove that Spaniards do not apply for the vacancy, and only then you will be able to get a job.

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 1 to 4 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
- Identity document;
- 2 color photos;
- Fill out an application with the police on arrival.
Additional Information:
You can get to Spain as a refugee. To do this, you will need to prove the fact of harassment in your country on any basis: race, gender, nationality, religion, political views, social status.

Taxes

The main taxes in Spain are: taxation of individuals, income tax, withholding tax, VAT, social contributions, real estate transfer tax, stamp duty, inheritance and gift tax.

Taxation of individuals
Tax residents pay income tax on their worldwide income, while non–residents pay income tax from sources in Spain. Income tax is paid at progressive tax rates. Tax rates are the sum of national rates and rates approved at the level of autonomous regions, and therefore vary depending on the area of residence.

Income tax
Companies that are tax residents of Spain pay income tax on global income, while foreign companies pay income from sources in Spain. The total income tax rate in Spain is 25%. The profits of newly created companies are taxed at a rate of 15%. But there are also some benefits.

Income tax at the source of payment
Withholding tax is levied in respect of dividends in the amount of 19%, in respect of royalties – 24%. The tax can be either withheld or reduced.

VAT
The standard VAT rate is 21%. For some goods and services, a reduced rate of 10% and 4% may be applied.

Social contributions
Both employers and employees pay a social insurance contribution. In addition, a contribution is paid for insurance against accidents at work. The contribution rates are 6.35% for the employee and 29.9% for the employer.

Property transfer tax
The tax rate on the transfer of real estate and rental transactions ranges from 5% to 11%.

Stamp duty
Stamp duty is charged in respect of notarized transactions and transactions, the rate is 0.75% - 1.5%, depending on the region and type of operation.

Inheritance and gift tax
The tax is calculated at progressive rates from 7.65% to 34%. These rates may vary at the regional level.

Education

In Spain, the education system consists of 4 main stages: preschool, primary, secondary and higher education. There are both public and private institutions. Private individuals can receive grants and funding from the state.

Preschool education
Preschool education in Spain is optional. It is divided into two stages: kindergartens and preschool training. Children from 1 to 3 years old go to kindergartens. And preschool training is attended from 4 to 6 years.

Primary education
Primary education is given to children from 6 to 12 years old. Primary education is divided into three cycles of two years each. There are compulsory subjects: mathematics, Spanish and the official language of the autonomy, literature, a foreign language, physical education, drawing and music, familiarization with cultural and social sciences, human rights and civil rights and duties.
From the age of 10, a child can start learning a second foreign language.

Secondary education
Secondary education in Spain has 2 stages. Basic secondary education and complete secondary education.
Secondary basic education is compulsory. Children study from 12 to 16 years old. After graduation, a certificate of secondary basic education is issued. Further, the student chooses one of the ways: to get a full secondary education or to enroll in professional colleges.
Children from 16 to 18 years of age receive full secondary education. They are preparing to enter the university.

Higher education
Higher education in Spain has three cycles. Each of the cycles ends with passing exams and awarding the appropriate degree. There are public, private and spiritual higher education institutions.

The first cycle – Diplomatura
The first cycle lasts for 3 years and leads to the qualification of a Diplomado. This qualification is equivalent to a Bachelor's degree.

The second cycle is Licenciado, Arquitecto or Ingeniero
The second cycle lasts 2-3 years. Upon graduation, the qualifications of Licenciado, Arquitecto or Ingeniero are awarded. The second cycle program is equivalent to the Master's degree program.

The third cycle – Doctorado
The third cycle is designed for 3 years. The program of the cycle prepares for the Doctorado degree and it can be correlated with the doctoral program.

Healthcare

Medicine in Spain is considered one of the best healthcare systems in the world. In 2009, she was ranked seventh in the world by the World Health Organization. In Spain, there are both public and private systems. Basic medical services are free.

Spanish public health system
This type gives the right to receive medical and social assistance free of charge. You can apply for free help in case of illness, during pregnancy and childbirth, in case of an accident, and this system also includes payment of up to 60% of the cost of medicines that are prescribed. Spaniards and foreign citizens working in local companies pay social contributions. The so-called social package provides free medical care in state medical institutions.

Spain's Private healthcare system
The private healthcare system in Spain is a good alternative to the public one. The services of private clinics are used by both Spaniards and foreigners living in the country. The main advantages are the speed of service, a wide range of services and specialists, comfortable conditions, no waiting in queues, you can immediately contact the specialist you need, as well as quick access to research and operations. In order to constantly use the services of private clinics, it is necessary to obtain medical insurance.
The insurance policy is issued for a year, the monthly contribution will average from 30 euros per person. For example, a one-time appointment without a policy from a therapist costs 100 euros on average, so insurance is profitable.
In Spain, there are public and private hospitals. The level of doctors and technical equipment in both cases is at a very high level.

Climate

Spain is divided into three climatic zones.
The north of the country is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Winters here are quite warm with an average temperature of +13 ° Celsius, and in summer it gets hot, the temperature reaches +28 ° Celsius. There are no extreme temperature changes in this part of the country. The sea warms up to +22 °C Celsius in summer.
In the central part of Spain, the climate is cooler – continental. There are no frosts here, it is certainly cold in winter, but the temperature does not fall below +4 ° C. The exception is the mountains. Here the temperature reaches -10 ° C, but it rarely happens.
The climate in the south-east of the country is Mediterranean, quite mild. It has a short and warm winter and a hot summer. The temperature in the summer months can reach +35 ° C, but usually this indicator still varies from 24 ° C to 27 ° C. Winter lasts from December to February, and the average temperature in the coldest period is +15 ° Celsius.
Almost 90% of the central part of Spain consists of mountains, most of which are not too high – 600-700 meters above sea level and are covered with a dense carpet of vegetation. The highest point is Mount Mulasen. Its height is 3479 m . In total, there are more than 70 mountain ranges in Spain.
The flora of Spain is very diverse, in the north there are dense forests and trees such as beech, oak, chestnut. But closer to the mountains, coniferous trees begin to occur more often: pines and firs. Mediterranean vegetation prevails in the south of the country: cypresses, junipers and citrus fruits, olive groves grow. The nature of the Canary Islands is quite different from the mainland of Spain.
The Canary Islands are a tropical paradise. Hot summer, which lasts almost all year round, the temperature ranges from +19 ° C in the "coldest" months to + 25 ° C in summer. Swimming in the Canary Islands is possible all year round.

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