Switzerland

Small "bribes" to officials in Switzerland are legal, the speed of issuing certificates has been tripled.

About Country

    Continent

    Europe

    Capital

    Bern

    Population

    8,654,622

    World share 

    0.1 %

    Land area

    39,516 km²

    Official Languages

    - French
    - German
    - Italian
    - Romansh

    Unofficial Languages

    - Albanian
    - English
    - Portuguese
    - Serbo-Croatian
    - Spanish

    Currency

    CHF

    Economy rating

    18

    Economy GDP

    824,734 millions USD

    ВВП на человека

    95,294 USD

Democracy Index

8.83

Full
democracy

*

Electoral process and pluralism

9.58
9.58

Functioning of government

8.57
8.57

Political participation

7.78
7.78

Political culture

9.38
9.38

Civil liberties

8.82
8.82

    Crime Rate

    0.6

    Safe zone

    Unemployment

    5.1 %

    Normal unemployment

Expense and Salary

4.14

Middling

*

Average salary

10
10

Average expense

1.74
1.74

Average rent price

0.68
0.68

    Average salary

    7,026 USD

    Average expense

    1,336 USD

    Average rent price

    1,626 USD

Immigration

    Immigration difficulty

    Normal

    Recommended Savings

    17,774 USD

    Double citizenship

    Allowed

    Official site

    Immigration official website

    Compulsory exams

    German, French or Italian Language Examination

    Passport rating

    7 Amount of countries: 186

Immigration options

Immigration typeRequired TimeFee
Employeefrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 10 years (for citizenship)
96 USD
Studentfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 10 years (for citizenship)
96 USD
Businessfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 12 years (for citizenship)
96 USD
Marriagefrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
96 USD
Family reunificationfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)
96 USD
Refugeefrom 2 to 5 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 10 years years (for citizenship)
0 USD


Employee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
96 USDfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
-Completed questionnaire;
- Foreign passport;
- 2 copies of a foreign passport;
- 2 copies of the last 2 Schengen visas;
- 4 identical color photos of the Schengen sample;
- Employment contract (original and 2 copies);
- Work permit with a copy;
- A certificate confirming the absence of a criminal record;
- Medical insurance policy;
- Receipt confirming payment of the state fee
Additional Information:
It is possible to immigrate to Switzerland through employment, but it is very difficult.
The government of the country prefers to hire employees from local residents. But representatives of rare professions and high-level specialists can apply for the offer. For immigration in this way, you need to get an official invitation from the company and then apply for a visa.

Student

Immigration feeImmigration Time
96 USDfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 10 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
-Completed questionnaire;
- Foreign passport;
- A photocopy of a foreign passport;
- Photocopies of the last 2 visas issued by the Schengen countries (if available);
- 4 color photos of the Schengen sample;
- A letter from an educational institution about enrollment (original copy and 2 photocopies);
- A letter of guarantee from the sponsoring party (original and 1 photocopy), as well as documents confirming financial viability;
- Certificates, diplomas and certificates (in the original and 2 photocopies);
- Motivation letter
Additional Information:
A great way to immigrate to Switzerland is to get a higher education. It is paid (from 450 euros per semester), but the government is happy to support the best students and pays a scholarship of 1,187 euros.
For admission, you will have to pass 5 exams: mathematics, history, one of the state languages and 2 exams in selected disciplines.

Business

Immigration feeImmigration Time
96 USDfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 12 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
-Completed questionnaire;
- Foreign passport;
- A photocopy of a foreign passport;
- Photocopies of the last 2 visas issued by the Schengen countries (if available);
- 4 color photos of the Schengen sample;
- Investor's resume;
- Business plan;
- Documents confirming the availability of funds;
- Commercial real estate lease agreement or certificate of ownership;
- Employment contracts with local residents
Additional Information:
The most popular way to immigrate to Switzerland is to invest in the country's economy. To do this, you need to invest 1,000,000 euros, with this money you can open a business, buy real estate, etc.
There is another option - you can pay the accord tax in the amount of 98300 euros for 12 months. After several years, you can apply for permanent residence.

Marriage

Immigration feeImmigration Time
96 USDfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
-Completed questionnaire;
- Foreign passport;
- A photocopy of a foreign passport;
- Photocopies of the last 2 visas issued by the Schengen countries (if available);
- 4 color photos of the Schengen sample;
- A copy of the first page of the passport;
- A document confirming the marriage;
- Documents confirming knowledge of the language of communication with the spouse;
- Profit and loss statement for the last year;
- Certificate of no criminal record
Additional Information:
You can marry a Swiss citizen to obtain citizenship.
You will need to confirm the seriousness of your relationship, joint photos, receipts of your purchases, a rental agreement may be useful.
To obtain a residence permit, a marriage must be concluded on the territory of the country.

Family reunification

Immigration feeImmigration Time
96 USDfrom 6 to 12 weeks (paperwork)
5 years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
-Completed questionnaire;
- Foreign passport;
- 2 copies of a foreign passport;
- 2 copies of the last two Schengen visas;
- 4 color photos of the Schengen sample;
- Proof of solvency - bank account statement;
- Certificate of non-conviction with apostille + 1 photocopy;
- A motivation letter indicating the reasons for the planned move to Switzerland, as well as the future address;
- 2 copies of a foreign passport of a family member in Switzerland;
- 2 copies of the residence permit of a family member in Switzerland;
- Invitation from a family member in Switzerland - original and 1 copy;
- Proof of knowledge of the language (level A1) spoken in the region of future residence or confirmation of enrollment in language courses that allow you to reach the specified level
Additional Information:
Switzerland makes it possible for spouses, children, and parents of its citizens to immigrate.
To do this, you just need to apply to the embassy and provide a number of documents. After that, a residence permit is issued, and you can safely live and work in Switzerland.

Refugee

Immigration feeImmigration Time
0 USDfrom 2 to 5 weeks (paperwork)
from 5 to 10 years years (for citizenship)

List of documents:
-Completed questionnaire;
- A copy of the current residence permit;
- Original travel document
Additional Information:
The most unrealistic way to immigrate to Switzerland is to move as a refugee.
You will have to try to provide irrefutable evidence of harassment in your country. The percentage of approved applications is very low.
In cases of a positive outcome of events, you are provided with temporary housing and benefits, and after 6 months a work permit is issued.
You can only apply for asylum while in the country.

Taxes

In Switzerland residents are obliged to pay taxes at three levels at once - federal, cantonal, and municipal. Despite the fact that Switzerland is one of the European countries with the lowest taxes, in total they do not exceed 20-25% of income.

Residents, living in the country for 30 days and work or do business there are obliged to pay taxes. For people who do not work in Switzerland the period of stay without paying taxes increases to 90 days.

The category of federal taxes in Switzerland includes:
• corporate income tax
• estimated tax
• VAT
• Personal income tax etc.

VAT in 2022 is 7.6% and may be reduced for some category of goods.

Cantonal taxes include:
• Gift and inheritance tax
• corporate income taxes, including received abroad
• land income tax
• personal income tax, etc.

When buying a real estate, a property transfer tax (Le droit de mutation) is charged, the amount ranges from 0 to 3.3% of the property value.

Real estate tax (l'impôt foncier) is levied every year at a rate of 0.05% to 0.3% depending on the value. It is different in each canton.

Swiss residents pay a wealth tax (l'impot sur la fortune), covering all property but one that is under a debt obligation. Its size ranges from 0.11% to 1%.

Municipal or communal accounts for 90% to 140% of cantonal.

In Switzerland, you can take a "tax holidays". To do this, you need to own a business and have 10-20 jobs at your disposal.

Education

Swiss education is quoted extremely high everywhere. The state educational standards can be diverse in each district of the State, canton.

Secondary education includes:
• Nursery school. A kid can attend a nursery school or stay at home until enter the school. At preschool a lot of attention is focused on speaking, so the State has 4 national languages. All preschools are paid.
• Elementary school. Presence at lessons is required from 6 year. The emphasis is made on learning 2 or 3 languages.
• The middle includes 2 stages:
- The 1st stage (Sekundarstufe) is compulsory (3-4 years).
- The 2nd stage is gymnasium (Gymnasiale Maturitätsschulen). It gives pupils a full intermediate education. (3-4 years).

After finishing the 1st stage of secondary school, children are able to finish their school education and enroll the Specialist baccalaureate training (Fachmaturitätsausbildung) or Apprenticeship-accompanying vocational baccalaureate training (Lehrbegleitende Berufsmaturitätsausbildung).

The state aims at development of applied businesses, after finishing the 2nd stage of the middle school most of the alumni in Switzerland enter the technical school. They have a lot of practice there with real enterprises. It is easier for them to find a job after training.

Some graduates decide to link their life with academic applied scientific discipline and enter the institute. It is necessary to pass the language proficiency exam and basic subjects’ exam.

The average cost of studying is 1.0-1.5 thousand euros annually. However, the cost of living in the city for academics is one of the most expensive and averages 15-20 thousand euros per year for rent and food.

Healthcare

Medicine and pharmacology are one of the most important and most successful industries in Switzerland. Much attention is paid to this direction in the country. The state allocates significant funds for the development of this area.

Switzerland has a deal with the most advanced technologies and medical equipment. Swiss doctors are the most qualified specialists in the World. They are able to perform the most complex operations and advanced diagnostics.

The insurance will partially cover the costs of a hospital treatment, but the patient pays for the accommodation himself.

Each Switzerland citizen must have a medical insurance. With the help of the insurance, it is possible to get the full cost rate of visiting doctor back. Worth considering, that some of the services is not under the insurance, e.g., dentist gynecologist and some types of vaccination.

The average price of insurance can be up to 450 euro monthly. In addition to the medical insurance the patient is to pay some medical services himself. This investment calls a franchise. Franchise is paid annually, the higher the cost of the franchise, the lower the monthly cost of insurance.

If non-residents stay in country more than 3 month, they must present their insurance policy to the local administration. If their policy does not correspond the local requirements, non-residents will be obliged to get health insurance again.

There are a lot of mountain spa resorts in Switzerland. People come here mainly to relax rather than to be treated. However, it is a good way to mix business with pleasure.

Climate

There is no absolute winter or summer in Switzerland. The weather is very changeable. In the mountains the climate differs significantly from the flat terrain.

Mountains protect Switzerland from strong winds so winters are mild and warm. The air temperature usually does not fall below 0 degrees Celsius.

In the capital of Switzerland, Geneva, in winter the average air temperature is +3, +4 degrees Celsius. In December the weather pleases with an abundance of sunshine. January is characterized by a large amount of precipitation in the form of rain or sleet is possible. In February the air temperature can rise to anomalous +15 degrees Celsius.

Spring begins with a warming in the South up to +20 degrees. Trees and flowers bloom, but in the end of March there are blizzards. In April there are short rains, the air temperature is about around +10, +15 degrees Celsius, and May is a warm month with an air temperature of 20-23 degrees Celsius.

In summer the thermometer mark in Switzerland rarely exceeds +30 degrees Celsius, the water is already warm enough for swimming. August is marked by rains in the central part of the country.

In September warm weather persists in Switzerland up to +20 degrees Celsius. In October rains, winds, and frosts begin with an air temperature of +3, +7 in mountainous areas. However, in the South of the country it is still warm up to +14 degrees. In November the ski season begins. Snow falls in the mountains. The air temperature drops to +2 Celsius.

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